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Sunday, February 28, 2021

Jharkhand Rajvyavastha Gk Question Answer Class-19

Jharkhand Rajvyavastha Gk Question Answer Class-19


दोस्तों, आज आप सभी के लिए झारखण्ड की राजव्यवस्था  से सम्बंधित कुछ महत्वपूर्ण ऐसे प्रश्न और उनके उत्तर लेकर आये हैं। इस Jharkhand Rajvyavastha Gk Question Answer की पोस्ट में आपको ऐसे महत्वपूर्ण प्रश्नों का संग्लन मिलेगा जो झारखंड की सभी परीक्षाओं और इंटरव्यू में आपके लिए सहायक सिद्ध होंगे।

Q.01 राज्य प्रशासन का वास्तविक प्रधान कौन होता है ? - मुख्यमंत्री 

Q.02 राज्य मंत्रीपरिषद का अध्यक्ष कौन होता है ? - मुख्यमंत्री 

Q.03 राज्य के मुख्यमंत्री की नियुक्ति कौन करता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.04 मंत्रीपरिषद के सदस्य किसके परामर्श पर राज्यपाल द्वारा नियुक्त किए जाते हैं ? - मुख्यमंत्री 

Q.05 मंत्री परिषद के सदस्य सामूहिक रूप से किसके प्रति उत्तरदाई होते हैं ? - विधानसभा के 

Q.06 झारखंड में मुख्यमंत्री सहित मंत्रीपरिषद की अधिकतम सदस्य संख्या कितनी हो सकती है ? - 12

Q.07 झारखंड के प्रथम मुख्यमंत्री कौन थे ? - बाबूलाल मरांडी 

Q.08 झारखंड विधानसभा के कुल सदस्य संख्या कितनी है ? - 82

Q.09 झारखंड में विधानसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्रों की कुल संख्या कितनी है ? - 81

Q.10 राज्य के महाधिवक्ता की नियुक्ति कौन करता है ? - राज्यपाल

Q.11 झारखंड विधानसभा की कितनी सीटें अनुसूचित जनजाति और अनुसूचित जाति के लिए आरक्षित है? - क्रमशः  28 ,और 9

Q.12 झारखंड विधानसभा में मनोनीत (एंग्लो इंडियन) सदस्यों की संख्या कितनी है ? - 1 

Q.13 झारखंड के कौन-कौन से ऐसे जिले हैं,  जिसके सभी विधानसभा क्षेत्र अनुसूचित जनजाति के लिए आरक्षित है ? - गुमला और लोहरदगा 


Q.15 किस विधेयक को केवल विधानसभा में ही प्रस्तुत किया जा सकता है ? - धन विधेयक को 

Q.16  झारखंड विधानसभा के प्रथम प्रोटेम स्पीकर कौन थे ? - डॉक्टर विशेशर खां 

Q.17 झारखंड विधान सभा के प्रथम अध्यक्ष कौन थे ? - इंदर सिंह नामधारी 

Q.18 झारखंड विधानसभा के प्रथम उपाध्यक्ष कौन थे ? - बागुन सुम्ब्रई 

Q.19 राज्य विधान सभा के अध्यक्ष तथा उपाध्यक्ष का वेतन तथा भत्ता का निर्धारण किसके द्वारा किया जाता है ? - संसद द्वारा

Q.20 विधानसभा का सत्र 1 वर्ष में कम-से-कम कितनी बार आहूत  किया जाना चाहिए ? - 2 बार 

Q.21 झारखंड विधानसभा में किसे (एंग्लो भारतीय) सदस्य के रूप में पहली बार मनोनीत किया गया था ? - जोसेफ पेचेली गॉलस्टीन 

Q.22 झारखंड की प्रथम कैबिनेट महिला मंत्री कौन थी ? - जोबा मांझी 

Q.23 अधीनस्थ न्यायालयों  में न्यायाधीशों की नियुक्ति कौन करता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.24 उच्च न्यायालयों  के न्यायाधीशों की नियुक्ति राज्यपाल के परामर्श पर कौन करता है ? - राष्ट्रपति

Q.25 झारखंड उच्च न्यायालय की स्थापना कब हुई ? - 15 नवंबर 2000 को

Q.26 झारखंड उच्च न्यायालय का क्रमानुसार देश में कौन सा स्थान है ? - 21वां 

Q.27 वर्तमान झारखंड उच्च न्यायालय में कुल न्यायाधीशों की सृजित संख्या कितनी है ? - 20 

Q.28 पटना उच्च न्यायालय का स्थायी बेंच रांची में कब स्थापित किया गया था ? - 1972 

Q.29 झारखंड उच्च न्यायालय के प्रथम मुख्य न्यायाधीश कौन थे ? - न्यायमूर्ति विनोद कुमार गुप्ता

Q.30 राज्य सरकार को विधि संबंधी विषयों पर सलाह कौन देता है ? - महाधिवक्ता  

Q.31 राज्य का महाधिवक्ता किसके प्रसाद पर्यन्त पद पर धारण करता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.32 राज्य प्रशासन का सर्वोच्च प्रशासनिक निकाय क्या है ? - राज्य सचिवालय 


Q.34 राज्य सरकार का मुख्य जनसम्पर्क पदाधिकारी कौन होता है ? - मुख्य सचिव 

Q.35 झारखंड के प्रथम मुख्य सचिव कौन थे ?  - विजय शंकर दुबे 

Q.36 झारखण्ड में राजपत्रित और अराजपत्रित पदों के लिए संयुक्त प्रतियोगिता परीक्षा का आयोजन कौन करता है ?राजपत्रित पदों हेतु झारखंड लोक सेवा आयोग(JPSC), अराजपत्रित पदों हेतु झारखंड कर्मचारी चयन आयोग (JSSC)

Q.37 राज्य लोक सेवा आयोग के सदस्यों की नियुक्ति कौन करता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.38 झारखंड लोक सेवा आयोग के प्रथम अध्यक्ष कौन थे ? - फटिक चंद्र हेम्ब्रम 

Q.39 झारखंड लोक सेवा आयोग का मुख्यालय कहां है ? - रांची में 

Q.40 झारखंड लोक सेवा आयोग किस वर्ष अस्तित्व में आया ? - 2002 

Q.41 झारखंड में कुल कितने प्रमंडल हैं ? - 05 

Q.42 झारखंड में कुल कितने जिले हैं ? - 24 

Q.43 झारखंड में कुल कितने प्रखंड है ? - 264

Q.44 झारखंड में कुल कितने प्रमंडल हैं  ? - 45 

Q.45 झारखंड में कुल कितने छावनी बोर्ड हैं ? - 01 (रामगढ़) 

Q.46 झारखंड में पंचायतीराज संस्था का ढांचा कितनी स्तरीय है ? - त्रिस्तरीय 

Q.47 पंचायती राज संस्थाओं में उच्चतम स्तर पर कौन है ? - जिला परिषद 

Q.48 जिला स्तर पर किसका गठन किया जाता है ? - जिला परिषद का 

Q.49 स्थानीय सांसद और विधायक किसके पदेन सदस्य होते हैं ? - जिला परिषद के 

Q.50 पंचायती राज संस्था में मध्य स्तर पर कौन है ? - पंचायत समिति 

Q.51 पंचायती राज में प्रखंड स्तर पर किसका गठन किया जाता है ? - पंचायत समिति का 

Q.52 पंचायती राज संस्थाओं में निम्नतम स्तर पर कौन है ? -  ग्राम पंचायत व पंचायत 

Q.53 झारखंड में जिला परिषदों की संख्या कितनी है ? - 24 

Q.54 ग्राम पंचायत का प्रधान कौन होता है ? - मुखिया 

Q.55 झारखंड में कुल कितने पंचायत है ? - 4423 

Q.56 झारखंड पंचायत राज्य अधिनियम किस वर्ष पारित किया गया ? - 2001
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Jharkhand General Knowledge: JPSC/JSSC - Part-2

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PART- II


Q1.
Where is in Jharkhand who was the first iron and steel industry in the private sector established ?- Jamshedpur

Q2. What was the name given by Raja Man Singh to the new city located in Rajmahal ? - Akhbar Nagar

Q3. Who surprised Munda Ulgulan (Munda Revolt) ?  - Commissioner Forbes/Dy. Commissioner, H.C. Streatffield

Q4. What was the original name of Jaipal Singh Munda? - Pramod Pahan

Q5. In which year 'Betla National Wildlife Sanctuary' was declared as protected area under project tiger ? - 1974

Q6. Which Governor served for the longest period from May 2015 to May 2020 in Jharkhand ? - Draupadi Murmu

Q7. Who was the founder of the Jharkhand party (1950) ? -  Jaypal Singh Munda

Q8. In which year were Civil Procedure Codes implemented ? - 1859

Q9. When was Chota Nagpur Tenancy (CNT) Act passed ? - 1908

Q10. In which year was Civil Procedure Code implemented ? - 1859

Q11. Which Vaishnav priest stayed in the Panch Pargana area for a few days in the 16th century to preach the tribal there ? - Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Q12. When was South Western Frontier Agency (SWA) constituted as a non-regulation state ? - in 1834

Q13. During sadari Movement in 1881, in which Christian leaders had declared Chhota Nagpur as Mundas' Nation and had hoisted the flag at Dhoisagarh that was the earlier capital of Nagvanshi ? - John Baptist

Q14. Who was the founder of Chota Nagpur Santhal Pargana Adivasi Sabha (1938) ? - Theodore Surin

Q15. Which district in Jharkhand has the maximum reserves of Mica ? - Koderma

Q16. When did Chero Revolt take place ? - From 1800- 1819

Q17. Gopal Rai was connected with which revolt ? - Chero Revolt

Q18. When was the 'Jharkhand Tourist Home Stay Scheme' launched ? - in 2009

Q19. Which rocks formed the Rajmahal traps ? - Basalt Rock

Q20. In which year was Bihar province separated from Bengal ? - in 1912

Q21. Who performed the Natua dance ? - Men

Q22. In which district Khandoli tourist spot is located ? - Giridih

Q23. With which dynasty is Ratu forth linked ? - Nagvansh

Q24. Which tribe in Jharkhand is known as a skilled weaver ? - Chick Baraik

Q25. In which district is Madhuban, an important shrine of Jains located ? -Giridih

Q26. An ancient temple of Basudeo Rai, located in which place ? - Korambe (Senha block, Lohardaga)

Q27. At which place in Jharkhand did Shuja established his capital ? - Rajmahal

Q28. Which tourist place in Jharkhand is considered to be a place of confluence of three religions ? - Kauleshwari (Chatra)

Q29. To which dynasty is Maluti, the village of temples linked ? - Pal dynasty

Q30. Where is the birthplace of 10th Jain Tirthankar ? - Kauleshwari (Chatra)

Q31. Where in Jharkhand is National Sports University being established ? -Khelgaon, Hotwar, Ranchi

Q32. Where is Ramakrishna Vidyapeeth located in Jharkhand ? - Deoghar

Q33. Which district is the largest producer of graphite in Jharkhand ? - Palamu

Q34. What is the ancient name of Maluti ? - Nankar Raj

Q35. What kind of soil is found in Damodar Valley ? - Sandy soil

Q36. Who had built Shri Bansidhar Temple located at Nagar Untari ? - Maharani Shivamani Kunwar

Q37. In which Mosque at Ranchi did Maulana Abul Kalam Azad offer Namaz during his house arrest ? - Jama Masjid, Ranchi

Q38. Of which tribe are Uthulus and Janghis subclasses ? - Birhor

Q39. From which location in Jharkhand were Copper and stone implements of the Chalcolithic era recovered ? - Bundu and Dahigadha

Q40. Which sect of Buddhism was flourishing in Jharkhand during Pala rulers ? - Vajrayan

Q41. Which tribal community had revolted against Company Government in 1818 ? - Ho

Q42. When was the first census held in Jharkhand ? - 1872

Q43. What is the percentage of minerals reserves in Jharkhand out of the total found in India ? - 37 %

Q44. Where is 'Birsa Bhagwan Biological Park' situated ? - Ranchi

Q45. Where is 'Gautam Budhha Sanctuary' located ? - Koderma

Q46. In which district of Jharkhand maximum spices are produced ? - Palamu

Q47. Which soil found in Jharkhand is not suitable for agriculture ? - Laterite soil

Q48. Who was the leader who organized Kisan Sabha in 1929 during the freedom movement ? - Theble Oraon

Q49. Which range of rocks is scarce in Jharkhand ? - Cuddapah Range

Q50. Where is the headquarters of the North Chhota Nagpur Division located ? - Hazaribagh

Q51. Which of the districts in Jharkhand has the maximum number of people from Scheduled Caste (SC) ? - Palamu

Q52. On which occasion do women sing 'Manjhan' folk song ? - Birth of a Child

Q53. Who is the author of the book 'Mundari Tud Kothari' that won the Sahitya Akademi Award ? - Mansingh Mundu

Q54. In which district of Jharkhand maximum spices are produced ? - Palamu

Q55. In which district is Canary Hill located ? - Hazaribagh

Q56. Who established the Anglo-Indian village located at Ranchi ? - Edward Thomas McCluskie

Q57. Which city of Jharkhand is known as 'Pitsburg' ? - Jamshedpur

Q58. From which direction and to which directions does Subarnarekha River ? - West to South-East

Q59. Which fort is called Hampi of Jharkhand ? - Navratangarh, Gumla

Q60. With which other name is Sarhul festival known ? - Baha

Q61. Which place in Jharkhand is known as Haldi Ghati ? - Korambe (Lohardaga)

Q62. Which of the temples in Jharkhand is considered to be the place for last rites as per Puranas ? - Baidyanath Temple

Q63. Under which Railway Zone is Dhanbad district ? - East-Central Railway, Hajipur

Q64. Which forest area in Jharkhand is the largest protected forest area ? - Palamu Forest Area

Q65. Which British Officer had built the Bada Talab at Ranchi ? - Colonel Osley

Q66. Adjacent to which hill is Kanke Dam located in Ranchi ? - Gonda Hill

Q67. Which ruler had built Kamaldah lake ? - Medini Rai

Q68. With what name is the residence of the Birhor tribe in Jharkhand known ? - Tanda

Q69. In which district is Harihar Dham located ? - Giridih

Q70. In which city is Keenan Stadium located ? - Jamshedpur.








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Jharkhand General Knowledge: JPSC/JSSC - Part-1

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PART-I


Q1. Which sect of Buddism was flourishing in Jharkhand during Pala rulers ? - Vajrayana

Q2. Which freedom fighter did the British arrest on 3rd March 1900 from Jamkopai forest in Chakradharpur when he was sleeping ? - Birsa Munda

Q3. Central is the Central Institute of Mining & Fuel Research (CIMFR) located in Jharkhand ? - Dhanbad

Q4. When was the Mukhyamantri Krishi Ashirwad Yojana launched ? - 1st January 2019

Q5. Who was the minister of state forest and environment in the Government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee ? - Babulal Marandi

Q6. Where is the shrine of the Shwetambar Jain located in the Giridih district ? - Madhuban Parasnath

Q7. Which is the state animal of the Jharkhand ? - Elephant

Q8. Who declared 'Now Munda Raj has started and rule of Maharani Victoria is overed' ? - Birsa Munda

Q9. Which of the commanders of Sher Shah had attacked Chero ruler Maharath Chero of Palamu in 1538 and looted him ? - Khawas Khan

Q10. Which other country elaborated for setting up the Patratu Thermal Power Station (PTPS) ? - Russia in 1962

Q11. What is the name of the first college in Jharkhand ? - St. Columbus College (Hazaribagh) established in 1895.

Q12. Koda tribe is an offshoot of which tribe ? - Munda

Q13. Who finished the Mughal influence in Jharkhand ? - Maratha

Q14. Which eminent personality is Tiger Hill related to ? - Jyotindra Nath Tagore, settled in 1912, after the death of his wife, Kadambari Devi.

Q15. What was the immediate cause of the Munda ulgulan ? - Forest Safety Law of 1894

Q16. Which is the district with largest population in Jharkhand ? - Ranchi

Q17. Which name is 'Akhil Bhartiya Sabha' of Khadia cast known ? - Doklo

Q18. Which is the festival celebrated once in 12 years ? - Jaini Shikhar and Dishauli

Q19. Which is the biggest Earthern dam in the country ? - Tenughat Dam (Bokaro)

Q20. Which ruler of Khandesh was given the title of Jharkhandi Sultan by historian ? - Adil Shah II

Q21. Which tribe is related to Shaurya Pahadiya ? - Maler

Q22. How many time 'J' has been used in the previous logo of Jharkhand state ? - Four

Q23. At which place did the British fire in the same manner as they did at Jallianwala Bagh ? - Dombari Buru Hill

Q24. Oraon (Kurukh), Korma,  and Pahariya (Mahto) belong to which language family ? - Dravidian

Q25. In which month is circular celebrated as per the Hindu calendar ? - Chaitra

Q26. Which atomic mineral is found in Jharkhand ? - Uranium

Q27. Scheduled Caste has the lowest literacy rate ? - Bhuiyan

Q28. Which Magadh Emperor had got Buddhist temples constructed in Itkhori ? - Mahendra Pal

Q29. What was the effective date for the formation of Jharkhand state as per notification dated 12 October 2000 by the central government ? - 15th November 2000

Q30. Which ruler from Odisha had established his rule over a part of Jharkhand after occupying the same ? - Kapilendra

Q31. When did Rathore Rajput establish their dynasty in Singhbhum ? - 693 CE

Q32. Which district has the lowest population in Jharkhand ? - Lohardaga

Q33. Which mineral group does Tungsten belong to ? - Metallic

Q34. What was the name of the founder of Kharagdiha state (established in 15th century ) ? - Hansraj Deo

Q35. Who had laid the foundation stone for Anjuman Islamia and Madrasa Islamia in Ranchi in 1917 ? - Abul Kalam Azad

Q36. Hundru Falls located on which river ? - Subarnarekha

Q37. In which district Konar Hydel power station is located ? - Hazaribagh

Q38. Who started the Tana Bhagat movement ? - Jatra Oraon

Q39. What is the percentage of the population in Jharkhand in India as per Census 2011 ? - 2.72 %

Q40. Jhumar, Paika,  Natua and Agni are types of ? - Dance

Q41. Which is the highest waterfall in Jharkhand ? - Lodh or Buddha waterfall (Latehar) in the Burha River

Q42. Which festival in Jharkhand is celebrated as a festival of sowing seeds ? - Sohrai

Q43. Which tribe is the marriage tradition 'Kirin Bapla' related to ? - Santhal

Q44. Who is the first chess player from Jharkhand to become the World champion ? - Deep Sengupta

Q45. In which year did Lance Naik Albert Ekka suffer martyrdom during the Indo Pak war ? - 1971

Q46. Where is the GEL Church/ Christ Church established in 1855 located ? - Ranchi

Q47. Which district has the lowest Urban population in Jharkhand ? - Godda

Q48. In which district Konar Hydel power station is located ? - Hazaribagh

Q49. With what name is the high every cultural land in Jharkhand known ? - Tand

Q50. Where is the rank of Jharkhand in the country in respect of Coal reserves ? - First

Q51. Where is the biggest Coal washery in Asia located ? - Kargali (Bokaro)

Q52. What is the rank of Jharkhand in the country in respect of Pyrites production ? - First

Q53. By which name Jan disciples called the temple of Maa Bhadrakali located at Itkhori in Chatra district ? - Bhaduli Mata

Q54. What is the highest in meters of Parasnath Hill ? - 1370 meters (4490 ft.)

Q55. Where in the Jharkhand in black soil found the most ? - Rajmahal

Q56. Hundru waterfall is located on which plateau ? - Ranchi plateau

Q57. What was the population growth of the Koderma district that recorded the maximum decadal growth ? - 43.4 2 %

Q58. Where is the Betla National Park ? - Latehar district

Q59. What was the name of Birsa Munda in his childhood ? - Daud Munda

Q60. Who was the last Nagvanshi ruler ? - Chintamani Nath Sahadev

Q61. Which tribe played the main role in Chuar Rebellion (1769 to 1805) -  Bhumij

Q62. Which state does Lakshmi Rani Manjhi, who participated in Rio Olympics, belong to ? - Jharkhand

Q63. Which part of Jharkhand has a concentration of auto ancillary industries ? - West Singhbhum

Q64. Who is the author of 'Marang Goda Neelkanth Hua' ? -  Dr. Mahua Maji

Q65. What is Domkach ? -  Kind of folk dance

Q66. Which rebellion was Sidhu-Kanhu related to ? - Santhal rebellion (1855- 56)

Q67. In which year was the Gokul Gram Yojana launched for improving cattle breeds and increasing milk production ? - 2004

Q68. Which district in Jharkhand has the origin of the Sankh river ? - Gumla

Q69. Which is the leading state in respect of production and reserves of Copper ? - Jharkhand

Q70. Where is Birsa Munda Central Jail Hotwar located ? - Ranchi.




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Saturday, February 27, 2021

Jharkhand Rajvyavastha Gk Question Answer Class-18

Jharkhand Rajvyavastha Gk Question Answer Class-18


दोस्तों, आज आप सभी के लिए झारखण्ड की राजव्यवस्था  से सम्बंधित कुछ महत्वपूर्ण ऐसे प्रश्न और उनके उत्तर लेकर आये हैं। इस Jharkhand Rajvyavastha Gk Question Answer की पोस्ट में आपको ऐसे महत्वपूर्ण प्रश्नों का संग्लन मिलेगा जो झारखंड की सभी परीक्षाओं और इंटरव्यू में आपके लिए सहायक सिद्ध होंगे।

Q.1 झारखंड राज्य किस तिथि को अस्तित्व में आया ? - 15 नवंबर 2000 

Q.2 झारखंड राज्य की विधानसभा में अनुसूचित जनजाति हेतु कितनी सीटें आरक्षित है ? - 28 

Q.3 झारखंड राज्य की विधानसभा में अनुसूचित जाति हेतु कितनी सीटें आरक्षित है ? - 09  

Q.4 झारखंड राज्य में लोकसभा तथा राज्यसभा हेतु क्रमशः से कितनी  सीटें हैं ? - 14 और 6 

Q.5 राज्य की लोकसभा सीटों में अनुसूचित जनजातियों के लिए कुल सीटें कितनी आरक्षित हैं ? - 05 

Q.6 झारखंड सरकार के मंत्री परिषद में मुख्यमंत्री के अतिरिक्त कुल कितने मंत्री हो सकते हैं ? - 11

Q.7 झारखंड विधानसभा के अध्यक्ष कौन हैं ? - रविंद्रनाथ महतो 

Q.8 झारखंड विधानसभा में विपक्ष के नेता कौन है ? - बाबूलाल मरांडी
 

Q.10 झारखंड राज्य के संसदीय कार्य मंत्री कौन हैं ? - आलमगीर आलम 

Q.11 झारखंड विधानसभा के मनोनीत प्रथम सदस्य का नाम है ? - जोसेफ पेचेल गॉलस्टीन 

Q.12 झारखंड विधानसभा में वर्तमान मनोनीत सदस्य कौन हैं ? - ग्लेन जोसेफ गॉलस्टीन 

Q.13 झारखंड राज्य में सर्वाधिक विधायक किस राजनीतिक पार्टी से हैं ? - झारखंड मुक्ति मोर्चा 

Q.14 17वीं लोकसभा में झारखंड राज्य में भारतीय जनता पार्टी के कुल कितने सदस्य हैं ? - 11

Q.15 वर्तमान राज्यसभा में झारखंड राज्य से भारतीय जनता पार्टी के कुल कितने सदस्य है ? - 03 

Q.16 झारखंड राज्य के वर्तमान राज्यपाल कौन है ? - द्रौपति मुर्मू 

Q.17 झारखंड राज्य में एक पदावधि के दौरान सर्वाधिक अवधि के तक मुख्यमंत्री पद पर आसीन रहने वाले व्यक्ति कौन हैं ? - रघुवर दास

Q.18 झारखंड राज्य में कुल कितनी बार राष्ट्रपति शासन लगाया जा चुका है ?  - तीन बार 

Q.19 झारखंड राज्य के प्रथम कार्यवाहक राज्यपाल कौन थे ? - विनोद चंद्र पाण्डेय 


Q.21 ग्राम पंचायत के 1 सदस्य का निर्वाचन कितनी जनसंख्या के आधार पर किया जाता है ? - 500 

Q.22 ग्राम सभा के सदस्य के उम्र कितनी होना चाहिए ? - 18 वर्ष एवं उससे अधिक उम्र के सभी व्यक्ति होते हैं 

Q.23 ग्राम कचहरी का प्रधान क्या कहलाता है ? - सरपंच 

Q.24 ग्राम रक्षा दल में किस उम्र-समूह के व्यक्तियों को शामिल किया जा सकता है ? - 18 से 30 वर्ष

Q.25 पंचायत समिति का सचिव कौन होता है ? - प्रखंड विकास पदाधिकारी 

Q.26 वर्तमान समय में झारखंड में कुल कितने नगर निगम है ? - 09 

Q.27 रांची नगरपालिका की स्थापना कब की गई थी ? - 1869 ईस्वी में 

Q.28 रांची नगर निगम की स्थापना कब हुई थी ? - 1979 में

Q.29 झारखंड राज्य का बजट संविधान के किस अनुच्छेद के तहत प्रस्तुत किया जाता है ? - 202 अनुच्छेद 

Q.30 झारखंड राज्य में सबसे नवनिर्मित जिला कौन सा है ?- रामगढ़ 

Q.31 झारखंड राज्य में कितने संसद के सदस्य हैं ? - 20 

Q.32 झारखंड राज्य में पंचायती राज व्यवस्था को मजबूत करने के लिए कौन सा अधिनियम बनाया गया है ?  - झारखंड पंचायती राज अधिनियम 2001 

Q.33 वह क्षेत्र जहाँ सैन्य बले स्थायी रूप से तैनात होते हैं ? - छावनी क्षेत्र 

Q.34 चाईबासा झारखंड में किस जिले का मुख्यालय है ? - पश्च्मिी सिंहभूम

Q.35 गोड्डा, देवघर, दुमका जिले  झारखंड के कौन से प्रमंडल के भाग हैं ? - संथाल परगना प्रमंडल 

Q.36 जनवरी, 2010 से सितंबर 2011 तक झारखंड के राज्य में एम्.ओ. फारूख ने कौन-सा  पद धारण किया था ? - राज्यपाल

Q.37 किस अधिनियम द्वारा झारखंड राज्य अस्तित्व में कब आया ? - बिहार राज्य पुनर्गठन अधिनियम,2000 को 

Q.38 झारखंड राज्य शासन व्यवस्था कितने अंग होते हैं ? - तीन (कार्यपालिका, व्यवस्थापिका, न्यायपालिका )

Q.39 संविधान के किस धारा के अंतर्गत राज्य विधान मंडल का गठन किया गया है ? - धारा 168  

Q.40 राज्य विधानमंडल के कितने अंग हैं ? - 03 (राज्यपाल,विधानपरिषद , विधानसभा)

Q.41 झारखंड राज्य में विधान मंडल का स्वरूप कैसा है ? - एक सदनात्मक (सिर्फ विधानसभा)

Q.42 राज्य सरकार का संवैधानिक प्रधान कौन होता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.43 राज्यपाल की नियुक्ति कौन करता है ? - राष्ट्रपति 

Q.44 राज्यपाल किसके पास प्रसाद पर्यंत अपने पद पर बना रहता है ? - राष्ट्रपति 

Q.45 विधानसभा में एंग्लो भारतीय समुदाय के सदस्य का मनोनयन करता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.46 राज्य विधान मंडल द्वारा पारित विधेयक किसके हस्ताक्षर के पश्चात अधिनियम बनाते हैं ? -राज्यपाल

Q.47 किसके अनुशंसा पर राज्य में राष्ट्रपति शासन लागू की जाती है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.48 विधानसभा को विघटित करने का अधिकार किसे है ? - राज्यपाल को 

Q.49 राज्य विधानसभा का सत्र बुलाने तथा सत्रावसान करने का अधिकार किसे है ? - राज्यपाल को 

Q.50 राज्य के विश्वविद्यालयों का कुलाधिपति कौन होता है ?  - राज्यपाल 

Q.51  राष्ट्रपति शासन के दौरान राज्य की वास्तविक कार्यपालिका की शक्तियां किसके हाथ में होता है ? - राज्यपाल 

Q.52 झारखंड के प्रथम राज्यपाल कौन थे ? - प्रभात कुमार 
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Friday, February 26, 2021

Munda Administrative System: Jharkhand History- JPSC

Munda Administrative System

Munda Administrative System

The Mundas are a powerful tribe of the Kolarion group in Jharkhand. It is ethnically placed in the proto-australoid group. These tribes are mainly found in Ranchi, Khunti, Simdega, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Giridih, Singhbhum, and Santhal Parganas of Jharkhand.

ORIGIN:

Scholars differ about their place of residence. According to various ideology, followings are considered about their origin 

  • First- their native land is considered to be the birth of Tibet.
  • Second- they came from the South-West of India to Madhya Pradesh under the pressure of the Aryan and later they entered the reason of Jharkhand.
  • Third- they entered Jharkhand from the South-Eastern part of India and defeated the Asura tribe and later established their domination over Jharkhand.

LANGUAGE:
  • Munda has its own language which is called 'Mundari'. This language belongs to the Austro-Asiatic language family. They called this language 'Hodo Jagr'

VILLAGE-SITES:
Munda village has some special sites, which can also be considered as a specialty of a tribal village. These places are;
  • Akhada- where the panchayat meets and, the young men and women gather and dance & sing at night. 
  • Sasan- which is Tomb, where dead bodies are buried. Stones are placed on the tomb, which is called 'Sasanadiri'.
  • Gitiora- the youth house in Munda tribal village.

ORIGIN OF LIVELIHOOD:

  • When the Mundas entered the Jharkhand region, they cleaned the forest for livelihood and started agricultural work, and established themselves as permanent residents.
  • They built a farm, Khunt Katti Khet, and their settled village came to be a name known as Khunt Katti Village. The builder of the field was called 'Khuntkattidar'
  • The Mundas traditionally enjoyed a preferential rent rate as the Khuntkattidar or the original clearer of the forest. (Note: In the course of the 19th century they had seen this 'Khuntkatti land system' being eroded by the jagirdars and thikadars coming as merchants & moneylenders).
  • Due to the increase in population, there was a shortage of space, so the peasants started building new villages in the vicinity. These villages were new, but the social, cultural, religious, and political systems of these villages were operated from the same ancestral villages.
  • When the number of such villages became more, the panchayat system of these Khunt Kattidar villages developed. The 'Parha' was formed by combining various such villages.
  • Each village in the Munda tribe had a Panchayat, whose chief was called Munda. Many such Gram Panchayat or villages were made into a cluster, which is headed by 'Manaki' standard.
  • 'Parha' was formed by mixing several clusters, the chief of which was called 'Parha Raja'. There were often members of the same clan in the Parha.
  • There was also Panchayat of Parha, who was called 'Parha Panchayat'. There were five executive officers in this Panchayat who worked under the king. These officers were Diwan, Thakur, Pandey, Karta, and Lal. All these positions were hereditary. These people obeyed the orders of the 'Parha King' and made recommendations to the king. 
  • The nomination of the king was a by-election. This post was not heredity. This is the reason why the administrative system of this Munda-Manaki-Parha-Sardar represented the example of India's first democratic system.
  • Manaki and Parha Raja did not receive any revenue of any kind. On this basis, it is called Cooperative-System, and not called Raj-System.
  • Border disputes, settlement of mutual disputes, and other disputes were resolved by the Parha Panchayat. It was considered the highest Judiciary, Executive, and Legislature of Munda.

ADMINISTRATION:

The Munda considered the village as a political unit. In a village, there are four prominent persons- Munda, Bhandari, Pahan, Panbhara. They had a head (chief) and an organization to deal with other villages. The head of the Munda village was called the Pahan (the priest). He obtained this title by virtue of being the original founder of a new community, or the oldest representative of the original founder. His duty was to offer sacrifice at festivals mainly for three reasons;
  • to prevent the village from the ravages of wild animals;
  • to obtain satisfactory harvest;
  • to ensure successful hunts.

The chief function of the 'Pahan':
  • head of the village in many villages; 
  • to preside over the Panchayat;
  • to punish those who violated established customs;
  • to collect the contributions of the village and hand them over to the proper authority.
The Pahan began to exercise the above functions with the introduction of the Rajya into the Munda political system. Later on, he was assisted by a Munda in the execution of his duties. These two offices were solely for service without any remuneration for a special grant of land attached to it. These two officials were highly respected.

The chief function of the Bhandari;
  • to the responsibility of floating information in the whole village before any event and festive celebration and meetings like Gram Sabha.

The chief function of the Panbhara;
  • to assists, the Pahan in all his rituals and does the job of fetching water during practices along the Pahan.

CONFEDERATION:

The Confederation of villages was made up of ten or twelve villages. It was called a 'Patti'. The chief of the 'Patti' was called the 'Manaki'. He was the political organizer of the Munda. His duties were;
  • to settle disputes concerning land and other matters;
  • to settle the questions of exceptional tribal interest within a village;
  • to settle peace between different villages with the help of a council of elders;
  • to collect Chanda or rent and hand over it to the Raja.

PRESENT SCENARIO:

At present, Government Panchayats have also been established in Munda tribal areas. These panchayats also interfere with the social affairs of Munda, due to which the traditional Panchayat are now becoming secondary.

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Vibhuti of Jharkhand: Jharkhand History- JPSC

Vibhuti of Jharkhand

Vibhuti of Jharkhand

Fig: Vibhuti of Jharkhand

1. DIVA SOREN-KISUN SOREN 

Diva Soren: He was born in 1820 AD at Matkomdeda village under Rajnagar police station of the district of Singhbhum. His father's name was Devi Soren.

Kishun Soren: He was born in Gumidpur in the Rajnagar police station area.

Diva Soren and Kishun Soren were maternal brothers. Their Guru name was Raghunath Bhuiyan. After Raja (Kunwar) Abhiram Singh of Podhat accepted the independence of the British, atrocities and exploitation of Adivasis and Sedans living in that area increased more rapidly.

Rebellion Work (1872):
  • People inhabiting the area began to collect under the leadership of Diva-Kisun to revolt against the exploitation and atrocities.
  • Diva-Kisun organized several public meetings in Dando.
  • They inspired the people against King Abhiram Singh of Phodat and the British administration. 
  • People of all religions organized and participated in this rebellion. The rebellion had its impact in all areas of Phodat.
  • This rebellion lasted for a long time, but in the tempt of money the local people informed the British administration about Diva-Kisun hiding in the mountain.
  • Diva-Kisun was arrested by the British administration and soldiers of Raja Abhiram Singh and hanged in Saraikela jail.


2. RANI SARBESHWARI (Suryavanshi dynasty)
  • Rani Sarbeshwari (wife/widow of Raja Gurjan Singh) of Maheshpur Raj (Santhal Pargana) opposed the British government's construction. 
Reason: 
  • British contractors of the company government without permission to prepare the fields and bring the Santhals from the Chotanagpur area.
  • Rani was arrested and locked in Bhagalpur jail, where he was hanged on 6 May 1807 AD.


3. ARJUN SINGH
  • During the rebellion of 1857 AD, this king of Porhat gave shelter to the rebel soldiers, which was opposed by the British Captain Henry Brush. The conflict between the two continued until 1859.
  • Finally, Arjun Singh had to surrender in front of Commissioner Edward Tuite Dalton.
  • He was jailed in Benaras, where he died in 1870.


4. GAYA MUNDA
  • He had been active since the time of the Sardari Movement. 
  • He was born in Atkediha village of Murhu block in Khunti district. 
  • When the Abua Dishum movement started under the leadership of Birsa Munda, he became the commander of Birsa Munda. 
  • On 6th January 1900, he was arrested from his village and lodged in Ranchi Jail, where he was hanged. 


5. BHUSHAN SINGH
  • Chero ruled in Palamu and he belongs to this Chero tribe.
  • King Medini became the most famous king of this dynasty.
  • Another king Chudaman Rai was king in his own lineage around 1800. He was unfit. Due to the support of the British, his governance was going on.
  • The people led a revolt against the king in Palamu and this Revolt was initiated by Bhushan Singh. From Palamu to Sarguja the flames of revolt continued to rise. They fought for two years with the British.
  • In 1802, Bhushan Singh was caught and the British hanged him.


6. SINGGI DAI & KYLIE DAI
  • In the Agnayya language in Jharkhand, 'Dai '= sister.
  • About 400 years, during the Mughal time two women of the Oraon community started the war against them. As Mughals had invaded Rohatashgarh fort thrice.
  • In this war, women showed leadership by bravely facing enemies.
  • 'Jani Shikhar' is organized every 12 years in memory of this war.


7. ALBERT EKKA
  • He was the hero of the 'Brigade of the Guards' of the Army.
  • He was martyred while threatening the enemy attack in the 1971 Indo-Pak war.
  • The Government of India posthumously awarded the highest military honor 'Paramveer Chakra' to him.
  • He was born on 27th December 1942 in a tribal Christian community in the village of Gumla district.

 
8. FATHER HOFFMAN (1857- 1928)
  • He was a priest of German origin.
  • He did many important things for the tribes. He had launched a 'Cooperative Lending Society' to liberate the tribe from the clutches of moneylenders.
  • Books wrote: 'Munda Grammar' and 'Encyclopaedia Mundarika'-16 volume'


9. SHARAD CHANDRA RAI
  • He is known to be India's first anthropologist.
  • He had supported the creation of 'Ranchi District Gazetteer (1917), and established an institution called 'Man in India'.
  • Books wrote: 'Birhor', 'Munda and his community', 'Oraon'.


10. SAKHARAM GANESH DEVSKAR
  • He became famous due to his revolutionary writing and journalism.
  • He was a significant contributor in starting the Swadeshi movement in 1905.
  • He died in 1913 in Karaon village near Deoghar.
  • Editor: 'Hitwad' magazine.
  • Books wrote: 'Desher Katha', 'Tilkare Mukadma', 'Etah Kon Jug'.


11. RADHA KRISHNA
  • He was a famous author of Jharkhand.
  • He wrote Hindi comedy-satire (mockery) with the surname Ghosh-Bose-Banerjee-Chatterjee.
  • Editor: magazine 'Adivasi' from 1947- 1970.
  • Apart from Hindi he also used to write in the Nagpuri language.

 
12. PANDIT RAGHUNATH MURMU
  • In 1941, he prepared the script Santali Ol Chiki. 
  • Since then, the folk literature and other compositions of the Santali language started being written in Ol Chiki script.
  • He was consulted with the title Pandit for his significant contribution. 


13. Dr. CAMILLE BULCKE
  • He did his Ph.D. from Allahabad University on 'Ramakantha Origin and Development'.
  • The title of the English-Hindi dictionary prepared by him became quite popular.
  • Award: 'Padma Bhushan' by the Government of India, 'Radha Krishna Award' for Sahitya Seva. 


14. DR. DINESHWAR PRASAD
  • He was a critical writer who wrote on the folk culture of Jharkhand and has published many books on folk culture
  • Books wrote: 'Folk Literature and Culture' and 'On Mundari Poetry'.
  • Together with Dr. Camil Bulcke, he prepared the English-Hindi dictionary.
 

15. DR. KUMAR SURESH SINGH
  • He produced many books on various movements in Jharkhand.
  • Famous Books: 'Birsa Munda and his Movement'.
  • He had made a significant contribution to the establishment of the tribal and regional language department.
  •  His contribution as the President of the Anthropological Survey of India, the Vice-Chancellor of Ranchi University, and the Commissioner of Chotanagpur Commissionerate was admirable.
  • Books wrote: 'Colonial transformation of tribal society in middle India', 'Famine in India', 'The People of India'.


16. SUKHDEV NARAYAN SINGH DEV
  • He was a famous dancer and dance director of the Saraikela style of Chhau dance.
  • He contributed significantly to making the Chhau dance globally famous.
  • He was also honored by the Sangeet Kala Academy.


17. P.N. BOSE
  • He was the geologist of India.
  • Based on his research findings, Jamshedpur Tata established the Iron manufacturing company, 'TISCO' in Sakchi in 1907.
  • It was he who first discovered the Guru Maheshani Loha Khan of Mayurbhanj.


18. BALAKRISHNA SAHAY
  • He was a famous social reformer journalist and writer in the 20th century.
  • He had written for Jharkhand's first weekly 'Aryavarta' which was published from Ranchi from 1898 to 1905.


19. KEDARNATH SAHU
  • He was the world-famous choreographer of Chhau dance.
  • 'Padmashree' award from Government of India.


20. NAGARMAL MODI
  • He was a famous freedom fighter and social reformer.
  • He was one of the initiators of the Swadeshi Movement in Jharkhand.
  • He was the first person to spread modern education in Marwari society.
  • He established several institutions for the Welfare of child widows.


21. YADUGOPAL MUKHERJEE
  • He was a prominent leader of the revolutionary organization of 'Yugantar Samiti' and a famous freedom fighter.
  • Sharad Chandra had written a novel based on his revolutionary personality and work.


22. GANGA PRASAD BUDHIA
  • He continued to work throughout his life for the establishment and development of socio-cultural-related educational institutions. Due to this work, he was identified as the conductor of the Indian educational institution.


23. JAGDISH TRIGUNAYAT


24. SHANTI NAVRANGI
  • He was famous literature of the Nagpuri language.
  • Books wrote: 'Nagpuri Grammar', 'History of Nagpuri languages literature'.


25. THEBLE ORAON
  • Sarna tribals leader and freedom fighter.
  • He established the Unnati Samaj (1915) and Kisan Sabha (1929).
  • He did many things to protect the tribal from becoming Christian.


26. CHETAN JOSHI
  • He was a famous muralist.
  • He accorded with the 'Surmani' and 'Bismillah Samman'.


27. RAM NARAYAN SINGH
  • He was known as Chotanagpur Kesari and was a pioneer leader during the Independent movement. 
  • He was the first tribal leader to submit a memorandum to the President of India for the establishment of the state of Jharkhand in 1954.


28. NARAYAN JI
  • He was a famous freedom fighter to promote and proclaim the creative ideas of Mahatma Gandhi among the tribe.
  • He did important work in the 'Primitive Caste Service Board'
  • He was the editor of a letter called 'Gram Nirman'. 


29. MOTILAL KEJRIWAL
  • He was a famous freedom fighter during the non-cooperation movement.
  • He was very active with his wife Mahadevi Kejriwal to fight for the freedom of the country
  • He was also the editor of the magazine 'Nirman' and 'Gandhi Sandesh'. 


30. PRAFULLA CHANDRA PATNAIK
  • He was a famous revolutionary leader and literature.
  • He organized the Santhal and Pahadiya people to carry out an armed revolution against the British government.
  • The British government issued an order to shoot him at the site if seeing.


31. MUKUTADHARI SINGH
  • He was a freedom fighter journalist and labor leader.
  • He raised the problems of coal workers prominently during the independence movement
  • He edited a weekly magazine, 'Yugantar', and it was released.
  • He had to spend years in prison for opposing Indira Gandhi's emergency in the Yugantar magazine.


32. HVALDHARI RAM GUPTA 'HALADHAR'
  • He was famous literature and early storyteller of Jharkhand.
  • He was the founder president of the 'Palamu Hindi Sahitya Sammelan'.
  • Many things related to social reforms were done by him in Vaishya society.
  • Books wrote: 'The history of Palamu'.


33. VINOD ANAND JHA
  • He was a famous freedom fighter and the first from Jharkhand to become the Chief Minister of Bihar (1961- 1963).
  • During the National freedom movement, he contributed significantly to the establishment of 'Hindi Vidyapith' in Deoghar (1929).


34. KRISHNA VALLABH SAHAY
  • He was a famous freedom fighter, journalist, and second from Jharkhand to become Chief Minister of Bihar (1963- 1967).
  • In 1948, he played an important role in organizing the Ramgarh session of the Congress during the Independence movement.
  • Editor: weekly magazine- 'Chotanagpur Sandesh' from Hazaribagh.


35. SISTER NIRMALA
  • Born- 23rd July 1934 in Ranchi in a Brahmin family.
  • She was an important figure in the state.
  • She became the head of Missionaries of Charity (M.C.) after the death of Mother Teresa and continued to serve the help, helpless people.
  • 2009- awarded with the 'Padma Vibhushan' by Government of India.
  • Died- June 23rd, 2015.


36. SARASWATI DEVI
  • She was a famous freedom fighter.
  • She got active support from the masses in the eradication of the Parda Parda system, Child marriage, etc.
  • She was the first woman from Hazaribagh to go to jail.  


37. MAHENDRA SINGH DHONI
  • Born- 7th July 1981 (Ranchi)
  • He is the most successful captain of the Indian cricket team.
  • He has been honored with the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award (2007), the Padma Shri (2009), the Padma Bhushan (2018) for his contribution to Indian Cricket.


38. SAVITRI PURTY
  • An International Women hockey player.
  • She succeeded in many tournaments and became the captain of the Indian Womens' Hockey team.


39. SIMON ORAON
  • Born- Khaksi toli, Bero Block (Ranchi)
  • Known as- Parha Raja (1964), Waterman, Simon Baba, Environmentalist & water Conservationist, Social worker.
  • Awards- Padma Shri (2016), PM Rural Development Fellow.
  • Slogan- 'If you want to become a man then work hard from plants to land'.
  • He built the first dam for irrigation with the help of villages. 
  • He built the first dam through indigenous technique after this the dams at Deshbali and Jharia have constructed through which the fields of many villages get water for irrigation through the canal.


40. PANDIT MORMUKUT KEDIA & MANOJ KEDIA
  • They are internationally renowned Sarod & Sitar players.
  • They were born district of Giridih Jharkhand.
  • They had presented their art at the Global Investors Summit, 2017 held in Ranchi.


41. RAM DAYAL MUNDA
  • Born- 23rd August 1939 in the tribal village of Diuri, Ranchi. He was known as an Anthropologist, Scholar, Linguist, Folklorist, Music exponent, Acamedician, Agriculturist, Acamedician, Vice-Chancellor, MP of the upper house of Parliament, and icon of socialism.
  • He was the pioneer leader of the Jharkhand movement.
  • The tribal and regional language department of Ranchi University was his important achievement.
  • Dr. Munda, who elevated Jharkhandi art & culture worldwide, was honored with Sangeet Natak Academy (2007), Padma Shri (2010).
  • Books wrote: Adi Dharma=Religious beliefs of Adivasi of India, Ocean of Laughter, Adandi Bonga, Sosobonga, Baha Bonga (Sarhul Mantra), Adivasi Astitava aur Jharkhand Asmita Ke Sawal, etc.
  • Died- 30th September 2011


42. ASHOK BHAGAT (ASHOK RAI)
  • Born- Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Known as- Babaji.
  • He is a social worker and the secretary of Vikas Bharti (Bhushunur, Gumla), an NGO working for the upliftment of the rural population of Jharkhand. He has done important work in the field of water management and the environment.
  • He was running the Bora Dam Scheme for water conservation which was quite famous in rural areas.
  • He is a nominated leader of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign for the state of Jharkhand.


43. PITAMBER SOREN
  • Santali writer and cine actor Pitambar Soren and was a well-known face in tribal-dominated areas including Jharkhand, Bengal, and Bihar.
  • He received several awards at All India Santali Film Association (AISFA) and Raghunath Academy of Santali Cinema & Art (RASCA) film festival.
  • He won the Best Santhali Film Award in 2014.
  • Died- 1st August 2015.


44. PRADEEP CHANDRA SAHU & CHETNA SAHU
  • Pradeep Chandra Sahu, a former officer of Tata Steel Noamundi's Mines division, along with white Chetna Sahu, hoisted the tricolor on Mt. Everest on May 19, 2016, illuminating the name of the state.
  • Pradeep Chandra Sahu is also known by the nickname 'Pahad Chado Sahu'.


45. MUKUND NAYAK
  • Born- 15th October 1949 at Bokba, Kolabira block, Simdega, Jharkhand. He is a folk singer, songwriter, and dancer.
  • He belongs to a family of the Ghasi community, who are traditional musicians.
  • He won international recognition for remitting the folk dance jhumar in the field of art. He made folk dance Jhumar popular in Asia.
  • He went to many countries in Europe and Africa to promote this dance form.
  • 1985- he established an organization 'Kunjban' to promote Nagpuri culture, specially Nagpuri Jhumar.
  • Filmography: Sona kar Nagpur (1992), Baha (2009), Phulmania (2019).
  • Awards: Padma Shri (2017), Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (2019), and Sanskritik Samman by Kala Sanskriti Vibhag.


46. BALBIR DUTT
  • Born- 31st May 1935 (Rawalpindi, Punjab)
  • He is an eminent journalist and the founder-director & editor in chief of Hindi daily newspaper Deshpran.
  • He was educated in Rawalpindi Dehradun Ambala cantonment and Ranchi.
  • He studied journalism from Ranchi he was established many records in the field of literature and journalism.
  • Editor- 'Ranchi Express' in 1963, a weekly magazine 'Jai Matribhumi', and a daily 'Deshpran'.
  • Guest Lecture- Ranchi University for 25 years.
  • Books wrote- 'Kahani Jharkhand Andolan Ki', 'Safarnama Pakistan', 'Jaipal Singh: Ek Romanchak Ankahi Kahani', 'Emergency ka Kahar & Censor ka Zahar'.
  • Awards- Padma Shri (2017), Lifetime Achievement Award, Mahanayak Sharda Samman, Rashtriya Patrakarita Purashkar.
 


























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