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Education Marks Proper Humanity

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Education Marks Proper Humanity

SIMOTI CLASSES

Education Marks Proper Humanity

Showing posts with label COMPUTER-KNOWLEDGE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label COMPUTER-KNOWLEDGE. Show all posts

Friday, August 21, 2020

APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTERS IN VARIOUS FIELDS

APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTERS:

Computers are used in various fields in our daily life. Computers have made our life easier.

  • All government & private organizations use the computer to perform specific tasks, for entertainment, or just to finish office work.
  • With greater perfection & accuracy and less time taking computers can do a lot in a short time while that task a lot of time while doing manually.
  • It has taken industries & businesses to a whole new level.
  • It is used at home for work & entertainment purposes.

USES OF COMPUTER IN HOME:

The computer can be used at home in the following ways.
  • Home Budget: It can be managed home budget. We can easily calculate our expenses & income. We cal list all expenses in one column & income in another column. Then we can apply any calculations on these columns to plan our home budget. There is also specialized software that can manage our income & expenses and generate some cool reports.
  • Computer Games: An influential use of computers at home is playing games. Different types of games are available. These games are a source of entertainment & recreation. many games are available that are specially developed to improve our mental capability & thinking power.
  • Work-from-Home: People can manage office work at home. The owner of the company can check the work of the employees from home. The work being controlled by him, while sitting at home.
  • Entertainment: People can find entertainment on the internet. They can watch movies, listen to songs & watch videos to download different stuff. We people can also watch live matches on the internet.
  • Information: People can find various kinds of information on the internet. Educational & information websites are available to download books, tutorials, etc. to improve their knowledge & learn new things.
  • Chatting & Social Media: People can chat with their friends & family on the internet using different software like Skype, Hangouts, etc. One can interact with friends over social media websites like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Google Plus. They can also share photos & videos with friends.


USES OF COMPUTER IN EDUCATION:

Computer-Based Training (CBT) program includes text, graphics & sound, audio, video lecture, or record on CDs. CBT is a low-cost solution for educating people & train large people.

Benefits of CBT:
  • The students can learn new skills at their own place. They can easily get knowledge in any available time of their own choices.
  • Training time: can be reduced.
  • Training materials: interactive & easy to learn- encourages students to learn the topic in easy mode.
  • Plaining & time problems are eliminated.
  • The skills can be taught at any time & at any place.
  • Cost-effective to train a large number of students.
  • Training videos & audios are available at affordable prices.

Computer-Aided Learning (CAL):

  • It is the process of using information technology (IT) to help to teach & enhance the learning process. 
  • It can reduce the time that is spent on preparing teaching material.
  • It can also reduce the administrative load of teaching & research by use of multimedia projector & PowerPoint presentations.

Distance Learning Program (DLP):

  • New learning methodology.
  • Play a key role in this kind of learning.
  • Students do not need to come to the institutes.
  • Institute provides the reading material & the student attends virtual classroom (Google classroom).
  • In the virtual classroom, the teacher delivers a lecture at his own workplace.
  • Students can attend the lecture at home by connecting to a network & can also ask questions to the teacher.


Online Examination:

  • The trend of online examination is becoming popular nowadays.
  • Various examinations like GMAT, CAT, NEET, JEE, GRE, CSIR-NET are conducted online all over the world & it minimizes the chance of mistakes, as questions are marked by computer.
  • It also enables us to announce the result in time.


USES OF COMPUTER IN BUSINESS:

  • Businessmen are using computers to interact with their customers anywhere in the world, hence many businesses are performed more quickly & efficiently.
  • Use: To reduce the overall cost of their business.
It can be used in the business in the following ways;
  • Business: The computer made an integrated part in all business organizations, as it embedded a high speed of calculation, conscientiousness, accuracy, reliability, or versatility which made it an integrated part in all business organizations.



  • It is used in business organizations for:

 


Marketing: 

An institution or firm can use computers for marketing their products. The Marketing applications provide information about the products to customers & manages the distribution system, advertising & selling activities, deciding pricing strategies, customers and their needs & requirements, etc.

  • Advertisement: Professionals create art & graphics, write & revise copy, and print & disseminate adds with the goal of selling more products by using computers.

  • At-Home Shopping: It has been made possible through the use of computerized catalogs that provide access to product information & permit direct entry of orders to be filled by the customers. Eg. Flipkart, Amazon.

  • Stock Exchange: It is the most place for businessmen for trading & to conducts bids. They connect with the computer where brokers match the buyers with sellers & reduce cost as no paper or special building required to connect these activities.



USES OF COMPUTER IN MEDICINE & HEALTH CARE:

  • Hospital Management System: Specialized management software is used to automate the day to day procedure & operations at hospitals. Eg. Online appointment, payroll admittance, discharge records, etc.

  • Patient History: HMS can store data about patients in computers, like about patients, their disease & symptoms, the medicines that are prescribed.
  • Patient Monitoring: Monitoring systems are installed in medical wards & ICU to monitoring patients continuously. Eg. Pulse monitor, blood pressure, temperature & can alert medical staff about serious situations.
  • Life Support Systems: Specialised devices are used to help impaired patients like hearing aids, prosthetic footwear.
  • Diagnosis Purpose (Test Mode): A diverse software is used to investigate symptoms of the patient's disease & prescribed medicines accordingly. Sophisticated systems are used for tests like CT scan, ECG, & other medical tests. 
  • Patient Monitoring System: The computer checks patient's signs for abnormality such as Cardiac Arrest, ECG.
  • Pharma Information System: Computer checks Drug safety regulators, Drug-labels, Expiry dates, harmful drug's side effects, safety & efficacy of the medicines, etc. software like Medidata rave, etc.
  • Surgery: Nowadays, computers are also used in performing surgery. Eg. Laser operation in specialization filed of dermatology, oncology, etc.


USES OF COMPUTER IN ENGINEERING DESIGN:

Computers are widely used in Engineering purposes. One of the major is CAD (Computer-Aided Design), that provides creation & modification of the images. Some fields are:
  • Structural Engineering: Requires stress & strain analysis design for buildings, bridges, ships, airplanes, etc.

  • Industrial Engineering: Deals with design, implementation & improvement of the integrated systems of people, materials & types of equipment.
  • Architectural Engineering: Aids in planning towns, office design, interior design, designing buildings & determining a range of buildings on a site using both 2D & 3D drawings.


USES OF COMPUTER IN MILITARY:

Computers are largely used in defense. Modern tanks, missiles, weapons, etc. The Military also employs a computerized control system. Some military areas where a computer been used are:


USES OF COMPUTER IN GOVERNMENT:

The computer plays an important role in the government. Some major fields in this category are:

USES OF COMPUTER IN BANKING & INSURANCE:

Banking is totally dependent on the computer. Banks provide the following facilities:
  • Banks provide an online accounting facility, which includes current balances, deposits, overdrafts, interest charges, shares & trustee records.
  • ATM machines make it easier for customers to deal with banks.
Insurance companies like (LIC, ICICI, SBI, HDFC) are keeping all records up-to-date with the help of computers. They marinating a database of all policyholders with information showing:






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