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Friday, June 25, 2021

Martial Law Vs. National Emergency - JPSC/ JSSC (Indian Polity)

Martial Law Vs. National Emergency

A detailed Comparison:

Martial Law Vs. National Emergency - JPSC/ JSSC (Indian Polity)

Martial Law

National Emergency

1

It affects only Fundamental Rights. 

It affects Fundamental Rights and Center-State relations, distribution of revenues, and legislative powers between center and state and may extend the tenure of the Parliament.

2 

It suspends the government and ordinary law courts.

It continues the government and ordinary law courts.

3 

It is imposed to restore the breakdown of law and order due to any reason.

It can be imposed only on three grounds- war, external aggression, or armed rebellion.

4 

It is imposed in some specific areas of the country.

It is imposed either in the whole country or in any part of it.

5 

It has no specific provision in the Constitution. It is implicit. 

It has specific and detailed provisions in the Constitution. It is explicit. 


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