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Friday, June 11, 2021

Asur Tribes Governance System: Jharkhand History- JPSC/ JSSC

Asur Tribes Governance System

Asur is one of the minority primitive tribes of Jharkhand. The Asur is among the nine Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) found in Jharkhand. As per the census, the Asur tribe has a population of around 23,000 in the Latehar and Gumla districts.

Asur Tribes Governance System: Jharkhand History- JPSC/ JSSC

In the community, 50% of the population could barely speak in Asur language. They are not fluent in the language. The Asur language figures in the list of UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger. Only 7,000 to 8,000 Asur tribals are left in the community who are well conversant in the language. With help from tribal rights activists, Asur Tribal Wisdom Center, and the organization involving Asur tribals, was established at Jobipat village near Netarhat to protect the language and culture of Asur tribals.

Of the 32 tribes recorded in the State, only four to five tribes, including Santhali, Ho, and Kurukh, recorded their language scripts.

About Asur Tribes:

Asur tribes are worshipers of their ancestor named Mahisasura, who was born from the womb of a buffalo, and according to the Hindu mythological, he was killed by Goddess Durga. They stay in the forest and also they worship the plants and animals. They are very fond of music and their own culture.  


Asur village itself is a political entity. Asur society is governed by traditional practice. There are Asur Panchayat in the village, whose officials are Mahto, Baiga, Pujar, Godait, etc. In Panchayat, senior citizens of at least five villages live as Panch. All adult males participate in the panchayat. 

Functions of Panchayat:

  • It resolves all kinds of disputes related to the village.
  • Social exclusion is punished only under special circumstances.

After the establishment of modern government panchayats, the active role of traditional panchayats is weakening. Yet, these panchayats appear to be performing most of the functions.

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