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Friday, June 18, 2021

The Company Rule (1773- 1858)- Part IV : Charter Act (1853)

The Company Rule (1773- 1858) - Part IV

Charter Act of 1853:

This was the last of the series of Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament between 1793 to 1853. It was a significant constitutional landmark.

Features of Act:

  • It separated, for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Council of Governor-General. It provided for the addition of six (6) new members called legislative councilors to the council.

The Company Rule (1773- 1858)- Part IV : Charter Act (1853)
  • It established a separate legislative council of Governor-General, which came to be known as the Indian (Central) Legislative Council. This legislative wing of the council functioned as a 'Mini Parliament' adopting the same procedures as the British Parliament. Thus, legislation for the first time was treated as a special function of the government, requiring special machinery and special process.



  • It introduced, for the first time, local representation in the Indian (Central) Legislative Council. Of the six (6) new legislative members of the council of Governor-General, four (4) were appointed by the local (provincial) governments of Madras, Bombay, Bengal, and Agra.

👉Previous Page:The Company Rule (1773- 1858)- Part III : Charter Act (1833)

👉 Next Page:The Crown Rule (1858- 1947) - Part V : Montagu-Chelmssford Reforms (1919)

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