All Jharkhand Competitive Exam JSSC, JPSC, Current Affairs, SSC CGL, K-12, NEET-Medical (Botany+Zoology), CSIR-NET(Life Science)

Sunday, September 20, 2020

Micro-Watershed Development Projects

Micro-Watershed Development Projects


The Watershed is a geographical unit with a common natural drainage outlet. The scope of micro-watershed is up to 500 hectares. According to a recent World Bank report, the rising demand for water along with a further increase in population and economic growth can result in half the demand for water in India being unmet by 2030.

Micro-watershed development can be considered as one of the best programs in the conservation of drought-prone and semi-arid regions of India both in terms of immediate and targeted effects. 

Semi-arid regions receive very less rainfall (<50 cm annually) and are affected by deforestation and desertification.

Micro-watershed projects can prevent unwanted evaporation by increasing the biomass component of the area. The strategies of micro-watershed of development include:

  • Restoring the natural resources of water collection like ponds, lakes, etc.
  • Building infrastructures like tanks, artificial ponds, check dams, etc. to store the rainwater and increase the moisture level of the soil.
  • Improving water use efficiency for agriculture with methods like drip irrigation and sprinkle irrigation.
  • Preventing soil erosion, planting trees in the wastelands, groundwater reaching, and conservation of soil moisture. 
  • Improving the quality of life of the drought-prone region by the increased availability of water both for drinking and irrigation purposes.
  • Increasing the vegetation occur in semi-arid regions by rational utilization of water resources.
Micro-watershed development can result in phenomenal success in regions like Vidarbha, Bundelkhand, & Rajasthan. Micro-watershed development aims for the collection and judicious use of groundwater and surface water to conserve the ecology of the place and use it to sustain agriculture in the future.

Share:

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Unordered List

Search This Blog

Powered by Blogger.

About Me

My photo
Education Marks Proper Humanity.

Text Widget

Featured Posts

Popular Posts

Blog Archive