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Friday, April 30, 2021

Ayushman Bharat Yojana


  • A flagship scheme of the Government of India was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

Ayushman Bharat Yojana

  • This initiative has been designed to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and its underlining commitment, which is to "leave no one behind".

  • It is an attempt to move from a sectoral and segmented approach of health service delivery to a comprehensive need-based health care service.

  • Under this scheme, the government will open a 1.5 lakhs of Health & Wellness Centre by 2022, which will be equipped to provide medical treatment for diseases such as blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and old-age illness.

Ayushman Bharat adopts a continuum of care approach, comprising of two inter-related components, which are- Health & Wellness Centers (HWCs), Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY).

Health & Wellness Centers (HWCs): 

  • In February 2018, the GoI announced the creation of 1.50 lakhs HWCs by transforming the existing sub-centers and Primary health centers (PHC).

  • These centers are to deliver Comprehensive Primary Health Care (CPHC) bringing healthcare closer to the homes of the people. They cover both, maternal and child health services and non-communicable diseases, including free essential drugs and diagnostic services. 

  • The emphasis of health promotion and prevention is designed to bring focus on keeping people healthy by engaging and empowering individuals and communities to choose healthy behaviors and make changes that reduce the risk of developing chronic disease and morbidities. 

  • On 14th April 2018 on the occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti, PM Modi inaugurated the first HWC at Bijapur district in Chattisgarh.

PM-Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY):

  • This scheme was launched on 23rd September 2018 in Ranchi, Jharkhand by PM Narendra Modi.

  • It is the largest health assurance scheme in the world which aims at providing a health coverage of Rs. 5 lakhs/family per year for secondary & tertiary care hospitalization to cover 10.74 crores poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) that from the bottom 40% population of India. 

  • It was earlier known as National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS). It submerged the then-existing Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) which had been launched in 2008. 

  • PM-JAY is fully funded by the Government and cost implementation is shared between the Central and State Governments.



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