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Monday, October 5, 2020

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - UPSC

 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • The United Nations (UN) General Assembly in its 17th session in September 2015 announced a set of 17 SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) & 169 targets which will stimulate action over the next 15 years.
  • The SDGs were adopted after one of the largest consultations exercises in UN history.
  • The goals were proposed in the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June 2012.
  • The SDGs will be effective between 2016-2030.

Major highlights of the Sustainable Development Growths are as given below 17 Goals to transform our world: 
  • Poverty eradication or No Poverty;
  • Zero hunger;
  • Good health & well-being;
  • Quality education;
  • Gender equality or promoting women & girl empowerment;
  • Clean water & sanitation;
  • Affordable & clean energy;
  • Decent work & economic growth;
  • Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure;
  • Reduced inequalities or combating inequalities
  • Sustainable cities & communities;
  • Responsible consumption & production;
  • Climate actions;
  • Life below water;
  • Life on land;
  • Peace, justice & strong institutions;
  • Partnership for the goals
Fig: Sustainable Development Goals

In comparison to the MDGs, the SDGs are very comprehensive with provisions of indicators for all of its 169 targets which need a proper monitoring mechanism- a challenge for the countries of the world. Financing the goals will be another challenge in this regard.

Fig: World map showing countries that are closest to meeting the SDGs (in dark blue color) & those with the greatest remaining challenges (in the lightest shade of blue color)



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