All Jharkhand Competitive Exam JSSC, JPSC, Current Affairs, SSC CGL, K-12, NEET-Medical (Botany+Zoology), CSIR-NET(Life Science)


Education Marks Proper Humanity


Education Marks Proper Humanity


Education Marks Proper Humanity


Education Marks Proper Humanity


Education Marks Proper Humanity

Showing posts with label JH-HISTORY-E. Show all posts
Showing posts with label JH-HISTORY-E. Show all posts

Thursday, September 2, 2021

Bhumij Revolt (1832-33): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Bhumij Revolt (1832-33)

Causes and Nature of Revolt:

Dhalbhum, Barabhum, and Patkum Parganas, which were then included in the Midnapore (now West Bengal) district, saw a widespread revolt by the Bhumij tribesmen under the leadership of Ganga Narayan.

Bhumij Revolt (1832-33): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Thi revolt was the result of the complaints of the Bhumij against the Badabhum king, police officers, munsifs, salt-daroga, and other dikkus. At the same time, the imposition of the Company's governance system on the local system was also not liked by the people. Thus the widespread despair all around and the persecution of the tribals necessitated this revolt. The tribals had no hope of justice, as the police were corrupt, the court staff looks illegitimate benefits and the revenue officials exploited them. Bribery by petty officers was common. Thus in the backdrop of extortion, deprivation of property and humiliation, and oppression, the Bhumij were left with no option but to revolt.

The revolt began with the brutal murder of Diwan Madhav Singh of Barabhum Pargana on 6th April 1832. The murder was done by Ganganarayan Singh, the cousin of the zamindar of Barabhumi Pargana. The main reason for this rebellion was to disregard the father of Ganganarayan Singh, the rightful owner of the throne of Barabhum, and oust him from the ancestral property.

Key facts of Bhumij Revolt/ Rebellion(for MCQs):

  • The Bhumij rebellion started in 1832 AD under the leadership of Ganga Narayan. Its influence remained in the areas of Birbhum and Singhbhum.
  • The rebellion was the result of the complaints of the Bhumij against the Birbhum (Badabhum) king, police officers, munsifs, salt inspectors, and other dikkus.
  • The reason for the rebellion was the imposition of the Company's system of governance on the local system. At the same time, the discontent arising out of the oppressive rent system of the British was also working behind it.
  • The formal beginning of the Bhumij rebellion took place on April 26, 1832, with the killing of Diwan Madhav Singh, and the half-brother of the zamindar of Birbhum Pargana.
  • The murder was done by Ganga Narayan Singh. He was the cousin of the zamindar of Birbhum. Madhav Singh was quite infamous as Diwan. He had devastated the people by lying in various types of taxes.
  • Ganga Narayan provided unprecedented leadership to the Bhumij against Madhav Singh. After killing Madhav Singh, Ganga Narayan had a collision with the Company's army. The Company's forces were led by Braden and Lieutenant Timmer.
  • On February 7, 1833, Ganga Narayan Singh was killed while fighting against Thakur Chetan Singh of Kharsawan.
  • The Thakur of Kharsawan cut off his head and sent it to the British officer Captain Wilkinson. Captain Wilkinson heaved a sigh of relief at the death of Ganga Narayan Singh.
  • After the death of Ganga Narayan Singh, this rebellion fell into disrepair. Although Ganga Narayan Singh was ultimately defeated in this rebellion, it made it clear that there was a need for administrative change in Jungle Mahal.

Like the Kol rebellion, the British were compelled to bring many administrative changes after the Bhumij rebellion;

  • Under the Regulation XIII of 1833 AD, extensive changes were made in the system of governance.
  • There was a change in the revenue policy and Chotanagpur was accepted as part of the South-West Frontier Agency (SWFA).
Bhumij Revolt (1832-33): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Previous Page:Kol Movement (1831-32): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Next Page:Chero Revolt (1770-71), Bhogta Revolt (1771), Chero Movement (1800-18): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC


Kol Movement (1831-32): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Kol Movement (1831-32)

Causes and nature of rebellion:

The Kol rebellion has a special place in the tribal revolts in Jharkhand, because it was the first organized and widespread tribal revolt of Jharkhand. Exploited by their new masters, oppressed by dikus (outsiders), and deprived of their traditional source of justice, the tribals of Chotanagpur had no choice but to revolt. In fact, it was a rebellion of the Mundas, in which Ho joined as his right hand.

The tribes of some areas of Chotanagpur Khas, Palamu, Singhbhum, and Manbhum participated in this rebellion. Only Hazaribagh remained untouched by this rebellion. It was the result of the Kol rebellion that in 1834 AD, an administrative unit named 'South-West Frontier Agency' (SWFA) was formed by merging the revolt-affected areas with some of the other areas, with its headquarters at Vishunpur or Wilkinsonganj (later Ranchi) created.

Kol Movement (1831-32): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Key facts of Kol rebellion (for MCQ):

  • If anyone bothered the British rulers and landlords the most in Chotanagpur, it was the Kol rebels.
  • In this rebellion, the tribes of Chotanagpur, especially Palamu, Singhbhum, and other parts of the Manbhum actively participated.
  • The main reason for the Kol rebellion was 'land dissatisfaction'.
  • One of the main leaders of this rebellion was Budhu Bhagat. In this battle, he was killed along with his brother, son, and 100 followers. 
  • The revolt was suppressed, but the lands of the village headman (Munda) and their peed chief (Mankis) made up of seven to twelve were returned.
  • As a result of this rebellion, a new province Southwest Frontier Agency was formed in 1833 AD. Later, financial and judicial powers were also given to the 'Manki Munda System'.


Chuar Movement (1769- 1805): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Chuar Movement (1769-1805)


The British official used to call the Bhumij of Jungle Mahal as Chaur= Duvant/low caste. Hence, their rebellion was called Chaur Rebellion.

The Chuar made a living by clearing forests, hunting animals and birds, and selling the things produced in the forest. Most of them worked as 'Paika= soldiers' in the local zamindars. They were given land instead of salary, which was called 'Paikan land'

As soon as the British rulers took possession, snatched the ancestral lands of the Chuars and sold them to new landlords, and started settling new subjects with these landlords. 

Chuar Movement (1769- 1805): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Simultaneously, after removing the paika and bringing it from outside, the police were appointed in their place. Due to this, thousands of paika started stumbling blocks after losing land, house-door, means of livelihood everything. The combined powers of these paikas (sepoys) and peasants ignited the fire of rebellion, which became very difficult for the British rulers to extinguish.

Apart from this, the British rulers had snatched the land from the hands of Zamindars, who were unable to pay the hugely increased revenue. Some of the landlords who had lost their land joined the rebellion. This rebellion was done over famine, increase in rent, auction of land, and other economic issues.

Form of Revolt:

The name of the prominent leaders of the Chuar rebellion are;

  • Ragunath Mahto
  • Shyam Ganjam Subal Singh
  • Jagannath Patar
  • Durjan Singh
  • Lal Singh
  • Mohan Singh.

In 1769, Raghunath Mahto gave the slogan 'Apna Gaon Apna Raj, Faraway Foreign Raj'.

The name of the suppressors of the Chuar rebellion are;

  • Lieutenant Nun
  • Captain Forbes
  • Lieutenant Goodyar.

For nearly 30 years, due to the riots of the Chuars, there was unrest in the entire area.

The Company government understood that without giving some facilities (e.g; the return of their land to paikas, prohibition on the auction of the land of zamindars when revenue is left) to the paikas, farmers, and zamindars, and without restoration of police rights of landlords and Ghatwals, the peace in this area is not possible. Therefore, by a resolution;

  • March 6th, 1800, the Zamindari-Ghatwali Police System was restored.
  • December 13th, 1800, this arrangement also got the approval of the Company's government.

The law and order situation improved with the appointment of local people as police officers in place of non-tribal inspectors. After the creation of the Jungle Mahal district, relative peace was maintained in the Manbhum area for 25 years (1805-30).

Important facts of Chuar Revolt:

  • In June, Chuar and Paika of Bankura, and Paika of Orissa joined it. British repression did not work in front of the wide nature of the rebellion and the British were forced to return the land and all the facilities snatched from them to the Chuar and Paika chieftains. 


Tilka Movement (1784-1785): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Tilka Movement (1784-1785)

Causes of Revolt:

1784: Tilka Manjhi (Jabra Paharia) started a movement against the British, which came to be known as the 'Tilka Movement'. This movement was against the rights of their land, against the policy of divisiveness by giving more facilities to the hills, and against the repression of Cleveland.

Form of Revolt:

The Santhal entered in Rajmahal area in the last years of the 18th century. The entry of Santhal tribals into the Rajmahal was opposed by the Paharia community. After a few encounters, the Santhals settled in this area. The Santhal lived on the hills and when the East India Company's boats passed through the Ganga river, they would come down from the mountains and plunder them and kill the mail carriers. They were very skilled the guerilla warfare.

Tilka Movement (1784-1785): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Augustine Cleveland was appointed the Superintendent of Police of the Rajmahal area. He adopted a policy of divisiveness and within nine (9) months of his appointment, had made 47 Paharia chieftains his supporters and made a person named Jaurah their chief. Some facilities were given to the Paharia Sardars and the British did not collect any tax from them. This was opposed by a brave Sardar Tilka Manjhi of the Santhal community. He said that the policy should be the same. Tilka also opposed the Jaurah of the Pahariya caste, a supporter of the British. Tilka started opposing the British from the place called Vancharijor near Bhagalpur. Like Robin Hood, he used to plunder the royal treasuries and warehouses and distribute them among the poor. He sent door-to-door messages through Sal's leaves and started organizing the Santhals.

1784: At the beginning of the year, with the help of his followers, Tilka attacked Bhagalpur. On January 13, he hid on a plan tree and sat down. While passing through the same path, he shot Cleveland riding on a horse with an arrow. This caused panic in the English army. Now Ayerkoot was sent to help the British army. Ayerkoot along with Paharia Sardar Jaurah attacked the followers of Tilka Manjhi. Many followers of Tilka Manjhi suffered causalities. But Tilka Manjhi escaped and hid in the hills of Sultanganj.

1785: Tilka Manjhi was caused by deceit and dragged by four (4) horses, tied with rope, was brought to Bhagalpur, where he was hanged on a Banyan tree. That place is known today as 'Baba Tilka Manjhi Chowk'.

Key Facts of Tilka Movement:

  • The Tilka Movement started in 1783 under the leadership of Tilka Manjhi.
  • Main objective: to protect the tribal autonomy and drive out the British from this region.
  • Like the modern Robin Hood, he started plundering the English treasury and distributing it among the poor and needy.
  • Tilka Manjhi led a guerilla war from the hills of Sultanganj. The hero of the British army, who was killed by Tilka Manjhi's arrow was Augustine Cleveland.
  • 1785: Tilka Manjhi was arrested by fraud and hanged on a Banyan tree in Bhagalpur. That place is today famous as 'Baba Tilka Manjhi Chowk' in Bhagalpur.
  • The first rebel martyr of the Indian freedom struggle was - Tilka Manjhi.
  • Most importantly, women also participated in the Tilka Rebellion, while women started participating in the Indian national movement much later.


Tamar Revolt (1782- 1820): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Tamar Revolt (1782-1820)

Causes of Rebellion:

The revolt waged by the Munda tribesmen in the last quarter of the 18th century by making Tamar the main center of Chotanagpur is called the 'Tamar Rebellion'

The Company's policy of instigating outsiders and the atrocities of the Nagavanshi rulers were the root causes of this rebellion. The Munda tribals in Tamar were stricken by the tyranny of the Company government. The policies of the company paved the way for outsiders to come here and make them comfortable. On the other hand, they were feeling suffocated due to the tyranny and exploitation of the Nagavanshi rulers of Chotanagpur Khas.

Tamar Revolt (1782- 1820): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS

Form of Rebellion:

1782: Gradually the rebels of Ramgarh, Panchet, and Birbhum started gathering in Tamar. They also started robbing the merchants. The Nagavanshi ruler attacked Tamar to suppress the rebels. This further fueled the rebellion. 

1782: The rebels also get the support of some landlords. Finally, Major James Crawford entered Tamar in December 1783 and forced the rebels to surrender. Peace prevailed in Tamar for the next five (5) years.

1789: The rebellion broke out again in Tamar. Under the leadership of Vishnu Manki and Mauji Manki, 3000 Mundas refused to pay taxes. Captain Hogan was sent to suppress the rebels, but he failed. After this, Lieutenant Cooper was sent. Cooper suppressed the rebels in early July 1789 AD. Tamar remained calm for the next four (4) years.

1794: In November, the rebellion broke out again in Tamar, which became difficult for the British to suppress.

1796: Raja Narendra Shahi of Rahe sided with the British. When the king and his soldiers went to Sonahatu, they were attacked by the villagers. When Captain B. Ben learns that the tribals are opposing Narendra Shahi, he is removed. In 1796, this rebellion took a widespread form. 

All tribals and zamindars of Tamar, Silli, Sonahatu and Rahe jumped into it. 

Prominent leaders of the rebels were;

  • Thakur Bholanath Singh - Tamar
  • Thakur Vishwanath Singh- Silli
  • Thakur Harinath Singh- Vishunpur
  • Thakur Shivnath Singh- Bundu
  • Ram Shahi Munda- Tribal leader
  • Thakur Das Munda- nephew of Ram Shahi Munda.

The relatives of Narendra Shahi of Rahe were killed, but Narendra Shahi himself managed to escape. 

1798: In April, Captain Lemond successes in capturing the major rebel leaders of Tamar. Bholanath Singh, the most powerful of the rebels, was arrested by Captain Ben. The Tamar rebellion spontaneously disintegrated after the arrested of the leaders.

Key Fact of Tamar Rebellion:

  • This rebellion started in 1782 against the exploitation of the landlords by the Oraon tribe of Chotanagpur, which lasted till 1794. This rebellion started under the leadership of Thakur Bholanath Singh. This is famous in history as the 'Tamar Rebellion'.
  • 1809: the British arranged a Zamindari police force to establish peace in Chotanagpur but to no avail. Because again in 1807, 1811, 1817, and 1820 the Munda and Oraon tribes raised their voice against the landlords and Dikus.
  • 1807: the Mundas revolted under the leadership of Dukh Manki of Tamar and in 1819-20, under the leadership of Rugu and Konta.

Tamar Revolt (1782- 1820)

Previous Page:Ghatwal Revolt (1772- 1773): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC


Ghatwal Revolt (1772- 1773): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Ghatwal Revolt (1772-1773)

Ghatwal: the one who collected revenue from the Ghats (paths) of the hills was called 'Ghatwal'.

1772: In 1772 AD, the revolt by the Ghatwals of the Hazaribagh especially Ramgarh state against the British is called the 'Ghatwal Rebellion'. This rebellion was a protest against the mistreatment of the British towards their king.

Ghatwal Revolt (1772- 1773): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS

Causes of Revolt:

When one of the King's relatives Tej Singh expressed his authority over the kingdom of Ramgarh Naresh Mukund Singh, the British supported Tej Singh. Mukund Singh was simultaneously attacked by British Captain Jacob Camac from the South (S) side and Tej Singh from the North (N) side. Fearing to be taken prisoner, Mukund Singh ran away. Since Ghatwals was a loyal ryot of Mukund Singh, they revolted. 

The Ghatwal of Andragarba Valley met Loranga and the Ghatwals of Dunguna Valley started opposing Captain Jacob Camac.

In this rebellion, the ryot of Champa state also supported Ramgarh Naresh Mukund Singh. The special thing about this rebellion was that it did not face any war-like situation.

Seeing the organization of Ghatwals, a situation of war had arisen, but after persuasion by the British they calmed down. When the Ghatwals and Ryots felt that Mukund Singh could not become the king again at any cost, they also left him and started their respective business. 

Thus, the protest ended without creating any explosive situation. Later the British provided many concessions to the Ghatwals.

Ghatwal Revolt (1772- 1773)

Previous Page:Paharia Revolt (1772- 1782): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS


Paharia Revolt (1772- 1782): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Paharia Revolt (1772-1782)

Paharia Tribe is the oldest tribe of the Santhal Pargana division. In fact, these are the first primitive inhabitants of this place.

They have three (3) sub-castes:

  • Kumarbhag: they are situated on the northern bank of river Bansloi.
  • Sauria: they are situated on the plateau of Rajmahal north of the Bansloi river.
Paharia Revolt (1772- 1782): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS

The Paharia tribe struggled with foreign powers during the Rajput, Muslim, Mughal, and British periods. They made several rebellions against the British, which is considered to be the first widespread rebellion against foreign rule in the history of tribal struggle.

After the rebellion against the British in 1766 under the leadership of Ramna Ahari, Paharia did not rest in peace. In this rebellion, Sardar Ramna Ahari (Ghasniya, Dumka), Kariya Pulhar (Amgachi Pahar, Dumka), Changru Sanwaria (Targachi Hill, Rajmahal), Naib Suraja, etc. made the British sleepless.

But the most powerful rebellions took place in 1772, 1778, and 1779. Surya Changru Sanwaria, Pachge Domba Paharia, and Kariya Pulhar were martyred in the rebellion of 1772. Sankara Maharaja Sumer Singh was assassinated.

1781- 82: there was a revolt in 1781-82 when Rani Sarveshwari of Maheshpur Raja revolted, in which the Paharia chieftains openly supported the queen against the British.

Despite the decline of the Sardaris and Zamindari, the resistance of the hills continued. 

Between 1790 and 1810, the British made the Paharias a minority by making the Santhals a majority in these areas. Nevertheless, their rebellion continued.

1824: the British took their land in 1824 to suppress the Paharia conflict and declared their land as government property by giving the name 'Damin-e-Koh'.

Before the Santhal rebellion in the 19th century, Sardar Sundara Paharia, a resident of Dharni Pahar recognized them again.

In the Santhal rebellion of 1855-56, Mal Paharia played a more important role than Sauria and Kumarbagh.

Paharia Revolt (1772- 1782)

Previous Page:Dhal Rebellion/ Dhalbhum Revolt (1767- 1777): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS


Dhal Rebellion/ Dhalbhum Revolt (1767- 1777): JPSC/ JSSC/ PSC

Dhal Rebellion (1767- 1777)

Important Facts:

1765: On August 12, 1765, the Mughal ruler Shah Alam II handed over the responsibility of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa to the East India Company.

1767: The British's entry into Jharkhand began in 1767 AD.

1765: In 1765 AD, the area of Chotanagpur came under British rule.

Dhal Rebellion/ Dhalbhum Revolt (1767- 1777): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS

The 'British's entry' in Jharkhand was first done from the side of Singhbhum-Manbhum. The first whirlwind of rebellion against the British sounded in this area.

At that time the main states in Singhbhum were: Dhalbhum, Porhat, and Kolhan.

1766: In March 1766, the East India Company (IEC) government determined that if the Rajas of Singhbhum accepted the Company's submission and paid annual taxes, military action would not be taken against them.

1767: The Rajas of SInghbhum refused to accept the Company's conditions. As a result, Singhbhum was attacked in 1767 AD under the leadership of Ferguson. At that time the hilly region of Chotanagpur was a safe haven for the rebel landlords.

1767: In 1767 AD, after the British entered Singhbhum, there was a widespread rebellion under the leadership of the deposed Raja Jagannath Dhal of Dhalbhum, which is known as the 'Dhal Rebellion'.

The Dhal Rebellion lasted for ten (10) years. Lieutenant Rook and Charles Megan were sent by the English Company to suppress this rebellion, but they did not succeed.

1777: In 1777 AD, this rebellion was pacified after the English Company accepted Jagannath Dhal as the king of Dhalbhum again. 

In return for becoming the king, Jagannath Dhal agreed to pay an annual tax of Rs. 2000, Rs. 3000, and Rs. 4000 to the English company in three (3) years respectively. This amount is increased to Rs. 4267 in 1800 AD.

Dhal Rebellion/ Dhalbhum Revolt (1767- 1777)

Previous Page:Important Irrigation and Power Projects: JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS

Next Page:Paharia Revolt (1772- 1782): JPSC/ JSSC/ PCS


Tuesday, March 9, 2021

Historical Events of Jharkhand (7000 BC- 2019 AD): JPSC/ JSCC

Historical Events of Jharkhand

Historical Events of Jharkhand (7000 BC- 2019 AD): JPSC/ JSCC

Ancient Events:

7000- 4000 BC 

Neolithic period, entry of Asura caste in Jharkhand. 

2500 BC 

Evidence of the use of iron by Asuras in Jharkhand has been found from Asurgarh. 

1000- 600 BC

Mundas entered from the Tibet region through Rohtasgarh in the Jharkhand region.

800 BC

Parshavnath, the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism attained nirvana on Parasnath hill.

250 BC

Ashoka's inscriptions describe Jharkhand as an Aattava region, Ashok sent Rakshit to this area to propagate the region.

64 AD

The establishment of the Nagavanshi kingdom in Jharkhand by Phanimukut Rai and Sutiyambe as the capita.

163 AD

Mukut Rai appointed the King of Nagavansh.

212 AD

Madan Rai appointed the King of Nagavansh. 

346 AD 

Nagavanshi King Pratap Rai established the capital at Chutia from Sutiyambe. 

366- 403 AD

Nagavanshi Manimukut Rai reign.

404- 452 AD 

Nagavanshi Fani Rai's reign. 

453- 476 AD 

Nagavanshi Ahindra's Rai's reign. 

477- 493 AD

Nagavanshi Jayendra Rai's reign.

495- 533 AD 

Nagavanshi Hari Rai's reign.

536- 560 AD  

Nagavanshi Gaja Rai's reign. 

561- 606 AD

Nagavanshi Sundar Rai's reign. 

607- 643 AD

Nagavanshi Mukund Rai's reign.

602- 625 AD 

Shashank, the ruler of Gaur invaded the Jharkhand region.

644- 694 AD 

Nagavanshi Umedani Rai's reign.

Nagavanshi Mukund Rai died of drowning in the river, after which Umedani Rai became the ruler.

695- 736 AD 

Nagavanshi Kanchan Rai's reign was at Paviragarh, the capital of the Nagavanshi at the time of Kanchan Rai, but Kanchan Rai made Kanchangarh his center, a famine of 12 years occurred during his time, he started the practice of Jani hunting. 

Medieval Events:

693 AD

Kashinath Singh established the Porahat state of the Singh dynasty in the Singhbum region.

1122 AD 

The capital of Nagavanshi was removed from Chutia and established by Bhima Karna in Khukra.

1205 AD

Dev Narayan Singh founded the second branch of the Singh dynasty. 

1206 AD

Bakhtiar Khilji's entry into Jharkhand and invasion of Bengal.

1310 AD

Alauddin Khilji imposed a tax on Nagavanshi King through Mallik Chhaju.

Establishment of Ramgarh State by Baghdev Singh in 1368 AD.

1372 AD 

Ferozshah invades Odisha via Jharkhand.

1458 AD 

Ganga king of Odisha announced the establishment of Suryavansh and became the King of Jharkhand.

1498 AD

The ruler of Sandhya invaded Jharkhand. 

1500 AD 

Maharashtra Chero defeated by Khvas Khan. 

1585 AD 

Mughal invasion and occupation of Kokraha, Jharkhand under Shahbaz Khan.

1589 AD 

Akbar's army invaded and conquered the Chero kingdom.

1590 AD

The accession of Madhukaran Shahi (Madhu Singh).

1592 AD 

King Man Singh declared Rajmahal to be the capital of Bengal.

1605 AD

The Mughal army was defeated and restored power by Bhagwat Rai (Palamu King).

1615 AD 

Durjan Sal defeated by Bihar subedar Ibrahim Khan and restored power. 

1627 AD 

Durjan Sal returns and recaptured the throne, moving from capital Kokarah to Doisa. 

1632 AD 

Chota Nagpur was given as the Jagir to the governor of Patna.

1639- 1640 AD

Durjan Sal died.

1640 AD 

The accession of Raghunath Shah.

1641 AD 

Shaista Khan invades Palamu Fort.

1642 AD

The construction of the fort at Badam by Hemant Singh of Hazaribagh.

1643 AD 

Dawood Khan invaded Palamu Fort.

1644 AD 

Agreement between Shah Jahan and Palamu Naresh Pratap Rai. 

1645 AD

The construction of Madan Mohan Temple started at Bodeya. 

1658 AD 

Medini Rai's rule started in Palamu.

1660 AD 

Shashuja was defeated in Bengal by Aurangzeb's army. 

1666 AD

Tavernier and Bernier visit Rajmahal.

1667 AD 

Dalel Singh became the king of Ramgarh.

1670 AD

The capital of Hazarbigah was transferred.

1674 AD 

Madan Mohan Temple at Bodeya (Ranchi) built.

1685 AD 

Construction of Sita-Ram Temple at Chutia (Ranchi). 

1690 AD

The rule of Nagaanshi King Ramshah started.

1691 AD

Construction of Jagannathpur Temple.

1692 AD

Ramshah's agreement with Aurangzeb. 

1700 AD 

Farrukhsiyar arrived in the Rajmahal area.

1715 AD  

The coronation of Yadunath Shah after the death of Nagavanshi King Ramshah.

1717 AD 

The subedar of Bihar Sabruland Khan attacked Yadunath Shah at this time the capital was Doisa.


Modern Development Events:

1719 AD

Tori was captured by Chero King Ranjit Rai of Palamu.

1720 AD

Shifted to Palkot by Yadunath Shahi from Kokarah, capital of Nagavanshi kings.

1724 AD 

Shivnath Shah succeeded to the throne. 

1730 AD 

Subedar Fakhruddaula of Bihar invaded Chhota Nagpur.

1733 AD

Shivanath Shah's death and Udaynath Shah ascended the throne.

Nawab Shjauddin Khan appointed Alivardi Khan made Bihar's deputy governor.

1734 AD 

Alivardi invades Chatra Fort. 

1740 AD

Hidayat Ali Khan attacked and captured Ramgarh king, Vishnu Singh.

Udayanath Shah's death & younger brother Shyam Sundar Shah became the king of Chhota Nagpur.

1742 AD 

Maratha Bhashkar Ram Pandit enters Jharkhand via Chattisgarh and attacks Bengal.

1757 AD 

Siraj-ud-daulah arrested at Rajmahal. 

1763 AD

East India Company (EIC) occupied the Rajmahal. 

1765 AD

Mughal emperor Shah Alam of the East India Company went to recover land revenue as an agent of the company.

1767 AD

British enter in Singhbhum.

1769 AD 

Chuar Rebellion. 

1766- 1780 AD

Paharia Rebellion in Rajmahal. 

1771 AD 

East India Company (EIC) to get full government rights of Jharkhand.

Captain Camack attacked Palamu. 

1772 AD 

Construction of old Fort of Palamu by Chero King Gopal Rai.

1773 AD 

Chhota Nagpur area was removed from the control of the Patna Council and was brought under Bengal Presidency.

1780 AD

Formation of Army Cantt in Ramgarh. 

1782 AD

Tamar Rebellion.

1783 AD 

Tilka Manjhi Movement. 

1784 AD 

Rebellion in Santhal Pargana led by Tilka Manjhi.

1785 AD 

Tilka Manjhi hanged in Bhagalpur. 

1793 AD

Permanent settlement prevalence started.

1795- 1800 AD 

Tama and the Chero Rebellion.

1797 AD 

Munda rebellion under the leadership of Bisu Manki spread in the Bundu area.

1798 AD 

Land revolt of Manbhum, Chuar revolt. 

1800 AD

Under the leadership of Bhushan Singh, the Chero Rebellion of Palamu, the collectorate of Ramgarh was abolished, and it was merged with Bihar.

1805 AD

Establishment of Junglemahal, covering the area from Bengal to Chhota Nagpur hills.

1806 AD 

Zamindari Police started. 

1807 AD 

Dukhan Manki led to resentment of Tamar. 

1817 AD

Govind Nath Shah accepts suzerainty of the company due to non-payment of tax.

End of Nagavanshi Raj.

1819- 20 AD

Tama Munda's dissatisfaction under the leadership of Rudu and Kunta Munda. 

1820- 21 AD 

Singhbhum revolt.

1824 AD 

Damini-e-Koh founded, Lah Reserach Center (Namkum) at Ranchi.

1825 AD

Restoration of two additional Munsifs, who were posted at Lesliganj and Lohardaga. 

1832 AD

Buddnu Bhagat revolt of Silli village.

1832- 33 AD

Kol revolt led by Singhre and Bindre Manaki.

Bhumij rebellion in Manbhum & Singhbhum. 

1833 AD 

Wilkinson rule to be implemented, the establishment of southwest frontiers Agency under Regulation of Province XIII. 


Establishment and military collectorship of Ramgarh to be abolished. 

1834 AD

Bhumij rebellion under the leadership of Ganga Narayan Singh.

Establishment of Hazaribagh district.

1837 AD

Kolhan Government State formed and Wilkinson Rule implemented in this area.

Establishment of Singhbhum State.

Battle of Serengasia Valley. 

1845 AD

Christianity entered Jharkhand.

1854 AD

Act XX of 1854: Abolition of agency, agency administration, power of agency of local government officials who came to be called Aayukt. Entering and vesting their governing power under Lieutenant Governor of Bengal, the area continued to be a non-regulation area, the area continued to be a non-regulation area, its new name was Chhota Nagpur division, under which Birbhum, Lohardaga, Hazaribagh, Manbhum, Singhbhum, and Tributary area (Changbakhar, Korye, Surguja, Jashpur, Gangpur, Arbomatha), Morgo Manjhi of Santhal Pargana and British Manjhi's movement against the people took place.

Freedom Movement in Jharkhand::

1855 AD

Santhal rebellion under the leadership of Sidhu Kanhu, Santhal Parganas to be created separately under the separate non-regulation district Bhagalpur division.

1856- 57 AD 

Sepoy mutiny led by Vishwanath Shahi, Ganpat Rai, Sheikh Bhikari, and Budhu Veer.

1857- 59 AD 

The revolt led by Raja Arjun Singh of Porahat in Singhbhum.

The revolt under Nilambar and Pitambar in Palamu.

1857 AD 

Movement of Bhuiyan Tikait of Hazaribagh.

1858 AD 

Government attempts to make 'record of rights', the arrest of Sheikh Bhikari and hanged on 8 January.

1859 AD 

Implementation of the Sale and Rent Law in Chhota Nagpur.

1860 AD

Santhal rebellion against Zamindari oppression in Santhal Parganas. 

1863 AD

Daltonganj subdivision established.

1866- 67 AD

Santhal rebellion in Bamanghati. 

1869 AD 

Chhota Nagpur Tenancy Act (CNT) to be implemented, the formation of municipalities started.  

1869- 70 AD 

The Santhal Rebellion in Tudi. 

1871 AD 

Kharwar movement led by Bhagirath Manjhi.

1872 AD  

Implementation of Santhal Pargana Settlement Regulations. 

1874 AD  

Regulation of Null Regulations Districts;

Implementation of Scheduled District Act; 

Kharwar Movement led by Bhagirath Manjhi;

Start of Roman Catholic Mission;

Establishment of Iron Works' first major iron factory.

1875- 95 AD 

Sardar movement in Chhota Nagpur.

1878 AD  

Indian Forest Act implemented.

1879 AD  

Chhota Nagpur Landlord and Tenant Procedure Act came into force. 

1880 AD 

Movement among Khadia people led by Telanga Khadia. 

1869- 93 AD 

Keonjhar Bhuyan People's Revolt. 

1881- 82 AD 

Korwa revolt in Palamu.

1884 AD 

Lutheran Mission started. 

1859- 95 AD 

Sardari or Mulki Movement.

1886 AD 

Santhal Parganas Rent Regulations implemented. 

1895- 1900 AD 

Birsa Movement.

1897 AD 

Approval of Chhota Nagpur Communication Act of 1897. 

1902 AD 

Rebellion of the Santhals of Saraikela. 

1902- 10 AD 

Survey of settlement work.

1903 AD 

CNT (Amendment) Act, 1903 to be prepared;

Construction of Khunti sub-division. 

1908 AD 

CNT Act to be implemented. 

1912 AD 

Bihar & Bengal to be separated from Odisha;

Christian Students Organization was formed;

the Adre House (Ranchi) became Governor House. 

1914 AD 

Tana Bhagat Movement.

1915 AD 

Chhota Nagpur Unnati Samaj formed. 

1917 AD

Tribal Revolt in Mayurbhanj.

1930 AD

Simon Commission report recommends separate administration for the development of this area.

1930- 31 AD

Haribaba Movement of Singhbhum. 

1932 AD 

Construction of new Governor's House at Ranchi. 

1935 AD

Bhumij-Kshatriya Reform Movement among the Bhumij people of Manbhum.

Government of India Act, 1935 passed.

1937 AD

Kisan Sabha formed;

Chhota Nagpur Catholic Assembly formed.

1936 AD 

Odisha was separated from Bihar, in which some part of Chhota Nagpur was transferred to Odisha. 

1938 AD

Tribal Mahasabha formed under the leadership of Ignatius Beck in Chhota Nagpur.

1939 AD 

Gangapur tribal revolt and Simco firing.

1941 AD

Pt. Raghunath Murmu invented the Santhal script Olchiki and publication of a pamphlet named 'Ol Chemet' in this script.

1942 AD

Quit India Movement (QIM) of Kanchi, Gumla.

Wide impact on Lohardaga, Giridih, Dhanbad, etc. 

1947 AD

All India Jharkhand Party formed on 28 December 1947.

Post Independence Events::

1948 AD

Tribal revolt and Kharsawan firing in Kharsawan & Saraikela;

Formation of United Jharkhand block by Justin Richard.

1949 AD

Tribal revolt in Mayurbhanj.

1950- 52 AD

Ho Renaissance movement of millions of Bodra among the people.

1955 AD

Demand for separate Jharkhand province before State Reorganization Commission.

1963 AD

Jharkhand Party merged with Congress Party.

1965 AD

Academy of Indian culture formed;

Hindu organizations tried to re-covert tribals.

1966 AD

All India Tribal Development Council formed.

1967 AD

Fourth general election;

Partition of Jharkhand party;

Revolutionary movement by Birsa Seva Dal;

Formation of All India Jharkhand Party. 

1968 AD

Hul Jharkhand Party formed.

1969 AD

Bihar Scheduled Areas Act, 1969;

Formation of Shivaji Samaj by Kurmi.

1970 AD

Sonot Santhal Society formed by Shibu Soren.

1971 AD

Formation of Maximist coordination by Shri A.K.Rai and demand of separate Jharkhand state;

Formation of Chhota Nagpur- Sathal Parganas Autonomous Development Organization on 13 November 1971.

1973 AD

The tribal struggle against the Koyal-Karo Jal Vidyut Project under the leadership of Binod Bihari Mahto and Shibu Soren of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.


Movement of Kolhan Defense Association in Singhbhum;

Creation of post of Regional Development Commissioner and Branch Secretariat in Ranchi.

1977- 79 AD

Movement for separate States became intense. 

1978 AD

All India Jharkhand party started separate Jharkhand State Movement and Nationalized Minor Forest Produce by State Government.

1980 AD

Establishment of Tribal and Regional Language Development at Ranchi University by Dr. Kumar Suresh Singh (then Vice-Chancellor).

1981 AD

The formation of Chhota Nagpur-Santhal Pargana Autonomous Development Authority by the government of Bihar handed over to the Common Wealth Relations Officer in London by the Kolhan Defense Association for a separate Kolhan state.

1985 AD

Establishment of Adivasi-Ho Samaj Mahasabha;

Conflicts of migrants for Kutku dam;

Demand for union territory.

1986 AD

All Jharkhand Students Union (AJSU) formed. Nominated President: Prabhakar Tirkey; General Secretary: Surya Singh Besra.

1987 AD

Jharkhand Coordination Committee formed;

Killed JMM President Nirmal Mahato on 8th August.

1988 AD

BJP demanded a separate Vanachal state. 

1989 AD

The government of India constituted a committee on Jharkhand.

1990 AD

AJSU delegations submitted a memorandum to the then Home Minister of the government of India, Mr. Mufti Mohammad Sayeed for a separate state.  

1991 AD

Jharkhand People's Party formed.

1992 AD

Dispatched in Jadugodha and the struggle of people affected by radioactivity on 2nd February, Shri S.B.Chavan, Bihar-Bengal Chief Minister's meeting with then Home Minister unsuccessful;

JMM economic blockade successful on March 22nd;

A meeting with BJP-CPI Home Minister demanded 16 states for merging 16 districts on September 18th.

People's movement in protest against the pilot project Netarhat Field Training Range in February;

Then Union Home Minister held talks with Ram Dayal Munda and Shibu Soren on separate Jharkhand autonomy.

1994 AD

Jharkhand Region Autonomous Council bill passed in Bihar State Legislative Assembly;

Agitation against Conch river water project on 11th August assured the decision by then Union Minister of State for Home to constitute autonomous council in Lok Sabha;

On 27th September then Prime Minister Narasimha Rao, Minister of State for Home Affairs, Rajesh Pilot, and the Chief Minister of Bihar signed the Jharkhand Region Autonomous Council resolution.

1995 AD

A movement against Semarsot Wildlife Sanctuary;

Governor's approval to Jharkhand Autonomous Council Bill on 17 April;

Jharkhand Regional Autonomous Council formed on 9th June, Shibu Soren nominated as Chairman.

1996 AD

The movement to implement a rural self-government system;

On 22nd July the Bihar Legislative Assembly unanimously passed the Jharkhand State Resolution and sent it to the Central government.

1997 AD 

The Bihar Legislative Assembly took a resolution for the formation of a separate Jharkhand state.

1998 AD

The BJP government at the center announced the formation of Vanachal State on 21st August;

On the Vanachal separate state-related Bill, President K.R.Narayanan's acceptance of the Vanachal State Bill in 1998, 23rd September in the Lok Sabha.

2000 AD

Bihar Legislature invites special session of three days to discuss Bihar Reorganization Bill of Bihar passed by Legislative Assembly on 25th April; 

Approval of Bihar State Reorganization Bill, 2000 by President on 25th August in Lok Sabha; and

On 2nd August 2000 Bihar State Reorganization Bill passed related to Jharkhand state events after the creation of Jharkhand state.

Events of Jharkhand after State Formation::

15.11.2000 AD

The State of Jharkhand came into existence;

Babulal Marandi took the oath as the first Chief Minister.

2003 AD

Arjun Munda took over as the second Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 18th March. 

2.03.2005 AD 

Shibu Soren was sworn in as the third Chief Minister of the State (only for 10 days).

2005- 06 AD 

Arjun Munda became the Chief Minister.

2006 AD 

Madhu Koda was sworn in as Chief Minister on 14th September 2006.

2008 AD 

Shibu Soren became the Chief Minister again.

2009 AD 

President's rule was imposed on January 19, 2009, which continued till December 29.

Shibu Soren became the Chief Minister for the third time on 30th December.

2010 AD 

The state came under President's rule for the second time on 1st June 2010;

Arjun Munda became the Chief Minister of the state on 11th September 2010. 

2013 AD 

President's rule was imposed for the third time on 18th January 2013;

Hemant Soren was sworn in as the state Chief Minister on 13th July 2013.

2014 AD

On 28th December, Raghuvar Das became Chief Minister.

2019 AD- Till

On 29th December, Hemant Soren became Chief Minister.


Unordered List

Search This Blog

Powered by Blogger.

About Me

My photo
Education marks proper humanity.

Text Widget

Featured Posts

Popular Posts