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Monday, July 20, 2020

Basic English Grammar - Noun

Noun - A noun is a word used to refer to people, animals, objects, states, substances, events, ideas, and feelings. It functions as a subject or object of a verb and also can be modified by an adjective.
Example - Mohan, tiger, desk, love, freedom.
  • I live in India.
  • Sarita is my sister.
  • I love to play with my dog.
1. Kind of NounThere are different kinds of nouns.
       1. Common Noun: It is the name given in common to every person or thing of a similar kind. However, it refers to the name of a single person, place, or thing.
E.g. (a.) I really like the song that is playing on the radio.
       (b.) Let's pick the pink flowers for your sister.
       (c.) People: girl, boy, engineer, president.
       (d.) Places: city, house, country, beach, yard.
       (e.)Things: pen, pencil, phone, candle, desk
        (f.) Ideas: courage, sadness, confidence.

       2Collective Noun: A collective noun describes a group of things or people as a unit. This noun is considered to be singular, and a singular verb is used with them. 
E.g. (a.) The union has submitted its report. 
        (b.) Our class took a field trip to the natural geography museum. 
        (c.) Napolean's army was finally defeated at Waterloo.
        (d.) Groups = A very general term used to describe people, things, places, and animals.
        (e.) Crowd = group of people.
        (f.) Shoal = a group of fish.
        (g.) Swarms = a group of insects.

      3. Abstract Noun: It is the name of an idea, quality, state, or concept (love, freedom, courage). Concrete nouns name something recognizable through the sense (dog, air, tree)
 E.g. (a.) Fear - She was full of fear.
         (b.) Love - Love is a wonderful thing!
         (c.) Peace - Let there be peace on. 

        4. Compound Noun: A compound noun refers to two or more nouns combined to form a single noun. (fruit juice, schoolgirl, mother-in-law)
E.g. (a.) Emma is my sister-in-law.
       (b.) The police-man rushed to the scene of the crime.
       (c.) Get your hair-cut today.

        5. Countable Noun: Countable (or count) nouns have a singular and a plural form. In the plural, these nouns can be used with a number- they can be counted. (E.g. Chairs, boys, houses, friends).
         Uncountable (non-count) nouns, however, can only be used in the singular. They can't be counted. (E.g. Money, rice, water, coffee).
E.g. (a.) There are almost 15 restaurants in Mumbai where I like to go.
        (b.) We took many photographs when we went to the hill stations.

2. Number of Noun: (Singular vs Plural)A noun can singular or plural. Mostly he plural form of a noun is formed by adding "-s" at the end of the noun. But this is not always the case. There are exceptions to the rule. Some plural nouns are irregular.

      1. Singular Noun: It refers to one person, one place, one idea, or one thing. 
Eg. (a.) A boy is playing football on the ground.
      (b.) There is only one window in that house.

      2. Plural Noun: It refers to more than one person, place, thing, or idea. For the plural form of the most nouns, add "-s" to the end of the word.
E.g. (a.) We have bought new books.
       (b.) My sisters have given me a gift on Rakhi.

     3. For some plurals, there are different ending to the word. The noun that end in "-x", "-s", "-ch", add "-es" to make plural number. 
                   box - boxes (-es added after -x end)
                  dress - dresses (-es added after -s end)
                  watch - watches (-e added after -ch end)

     4. Nouns ending with "-f", or "-fe" changes "f" to "v", and "-es" to make plural.
                  life - lives                     wife - wives
                  leaf - leaves                   knife - knives

     5. Some nouns have a different plural form. 
                 child - children                mouse - mice
                 man - men                      woman - women





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